Essential
Adjective
Adverb
Article
Auxiliary
Clause
Comparative
Conjunction
Determiner
Idiom
Imperative
Infinitive
Interjection
Intonation
Noun
Object
Participle
Phrase
Plural
Pronoun
Preposition
Punctuation
Sentence
Singular
Subject
Superlative
Tense
Verb
Word
Additional
Accent
Acronym
Apposition
Case
Cognate
Cohesion
Colloquial
Collocation
Complement
Conjugation
Conditional
Copula
Declension
Derivation
Dialect
Discourse
Ellipsis
Etymology
Euphemism
Finite
Gender
Gerund
Homophone
Indicative
Inflection
Interrogative
Jargon
Lexis

 
Modal
Mood
Morpheme
Morphology
Number
Orthography
Parse
Passive
Person
Phoneme
Phonetics
Pragmatics
Phrasal verb
Predicate
Prefix
Pronunciation
Prosody
Register
Reported speech
Semantics
Slang
Style
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Suffix
SVO
Syntax
Tag
Transitive
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Language words

The lists on the left contain links to explanations about all important aspects of language. The entries have been written with the difficulties of the ESL student in mind. Most students will know what a verb is, but they may not know the various features of the verb system that can cause difficulties for ESL students with different mother-tongues. They can learn about such difficulties by clicking the word to see an explanation and some examples.

Please note that the explanations in this web page are short and simple. Furthermore, it is important to be aware that there is disagreement among grammarians about the definitions of some of the words listed. Therefore, students who want a detailed understanding in this topic are recommended to consult one or more of the following reference works, which were the source for this page:

Chalker, S. & Weiner, E. The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar. Oxford University Press. 1994.
Crystal, D. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge University Press. 1987.
Crystal, D. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. Cambridge University Press. 1995.
Huddleston, R. & Pullum, G. 2002. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge: CUP
Smith, B. & Swan, M. Learner English. Cambridge University Press. 1987.

[There is a teachers' version of this page on the Mainstream Teachers subsite. It contains a link to more information about the disputes among grammarians.]