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The Past Perfect Tense

The past perfect tense is most often used for the following:

- For actions that happened before a past event
- In reported speech
- In if (conditional) sentences

How to form the past perfect  |  Past perfect continuous

For actions that happened before a past event

When we want to talk about an action that happened before a past event, we often use the past perfect. Look at these examples:

Notice how often words like already, just, never etc. are used with the past perfect.

In reported speech

The past perfect is common when we report people's words or thoughts .., as in the following examples:

In if (conditional) sentences

The past perfect tense is used in unreal or hypothetical stituations, as in the following sentences:

Do a quiz on this grammar topic.


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