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How to form the present simple

Positive statements

 

Singular

Plural

1st person

I know ..

we know ..

2nd person

you know ..

you know ..

3rd person

he/she/it know ..s

they know ..

 

Important:  Note the -s in the 3rd person singular!

  E.g. he eats .., she works .., my mother likes ..

Negative statements

 

Singular

Plural

1st person

I don't know ..

we don't know ..

2nd person

you don't know ..

you don't know ..

3rd person

he/she/it doesn't know ..

they don't know ..

 

Important:  Note the doesn’t in the 3rd person singular!

  E.g. he doesn’t eat, she doesn’t work .., my mother doesn’t like

Questions

 

Singular

Plural

1st person

do I know .. ?

do we know .. ?

2nd person

do you know .. ?

do you know .. ?

3rd person

does he/she/it know .. ?

do they know .. ?

Important:  Note the does in the 3rd person singular!

  E.g. Does he eat .., does it snow .., does your mother like ..,

 

 

Here are 3 irregular verb forms:

have > she has      go > she goes       do > she does

 

Verbs that end in -ch, -sh, -ss - add an -es in the 3rd person singular form:

watch > he watches      brush > he brushes       kiss > she kisses

 

Note the 3rd person singular spellings of the verbs that end: -consonant - y:

carry > she carries       try > he tries       study > she studies

 

Verbs that end: -vowel-y do not change like this:

play > he plays       say > she says

 

Back to the explanation of the uses of the present simple.


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