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Some/any

The words some and any are used when the speaker cannot specify or does not need/want to specify a number or an exact amount. Compare the following sentences:

- I saw seven deer when riding my bike in the forest yesterday. (It is important that you know how many deer I saw.)
- I saw some deer when riding my bike in the forest yesterday. (I don't know exactly how many deer I saw. Or: It is not important that you know exactly how many deer I saw.)

The "rules" that follow apply also to words containing some and any: somebody/anybody, something/anything, etc.

In general, some is used in positive sentences:

In general, any is used in negative sentences and questions:


In fact, the use of some/any is a little more complicated. Following are two common occasions when the above "rules" are "broken":

1. We can use some in questions when offering/requesting:

2. We use any in positive sentences when we mean it doesn't matter which ..:

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