Adjectives

English has many paired adjectives such as: boring- bored : surprising - surprised : tiring - tired : exciting - excited.
  • How would you explain the difference to a younger ESL student?
  • Can you think of any more adjective pairs like this?
  • What is the paired word for delighted?

Answers

1. How would you explain the difference to a younger ESL student?

  • The -ing form describes something (or a person) and the -ed form describes how you feel.
    • The lesson is very boring; that's why I feel bored.
    • Garden work is tiring. I'm always tired after garden work.

2. Can you think of any more adjective pairs like this?

  • Follow the link below and click 'Show answers'.

3. What is the paired word for delighted?

  • Delightful. There is no word: delighting.
More: here.

Adjectives ending in -ent

prudentobedientpatient
violentlenientdiffident
diligentincompetentdependent
  • What do these words have in common?
  • What is the noun form of these words?

Answers

1. What do these words have in common?

  • a. They are adjectives. b. They describe people's character.

2. What is the noun form of these words?

  • Adjectives ending in -ent have a corresponding noun ending in -ence: prudence, violence, obedience, etc.
More: here.

Mini-lessons

Vocabulary and Grammar

Paul Shoebottom