Useful links
This page contains links to websites that expand on some of the issues presented in this workshop:
1.  Teaching ESL students  What the mathematics teacher needs to know  Introductory advice from the FIS ESL website. 
Basic mathematics vocabulary  Interactive quizzes on the FIS ESL website.  
Mathematics as a language  Wikipedia article with many links.  
Helping English Language Learners in the Math Classroom  Useful information on the problems ESL students have with the language of mathematics.  
Vocabulary considerations for teaching mathematics

An online article from Childhood Education with examples of the different kinds of mathematical vocabulary and how to teach it.  
Teaching Math to English Language Learners  Straightforward advice from the Teaching Today website.  
Understanding and solving word problems  An online book from Curriculum Associates.  
Access and engagement in mathematics  A document from the UK Department of Education. It contains advice on supporting ESL students in the mathematics classroom.  
Teaching Language and Mathematics  Suggestions for cooperative activities in the mathematics classroom from the Victorian Association of TESOL and Multicultural Education.  
Framing Impact Factors to Aid LimitedEnglishProficient Students in Mathematics and Science  A useful overview of all issues concerning ESL students in the mathematics classroom. It includes an account of mathematics in the CALLA ( Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach).  
Table of mathematical symbols

A history of the development of mathematical symbols. Contains a very comprehensive list of symbols and mathematical abbreviations, with links to explanations of the associated concepts. An excellent resource for students and ESL teachers!  
Reforming Mathematics Instruction for ESL Students  Suggestions from the Center for Applied linguistics on amending curricula and classroom practices to benefit ESL students.  
The Relationship Between English Language and Mathematics Learning for Nonnative Speakers  Reports on an investigation to determine to what extent English language proficiency affects mathematical understanding.  
Schema theory  A wikipedia article on schemata. Extract: "The importance of schemata for thought cannot be overstated."  
Should Mathematicians and Mathematics Educators be Listening to Cognitive Psychologists?  An article from the Mathematical Association of America that includes a discussion of the significance of schema theory for the solution of word problems. 
Recommended reading:
Dale, Theresa, and Gilberto Cuevas. Integrating Language and Mathematics
in Crandall, J (ed.)
ESL through ContentArea Instruction
. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1987.
Ask your mathematics coordinator or ESL teacher for a copy of the above
article.