. .

Phrasal verbs

A phrasal verb is a combination of a simple common verb such as turn or put with one or more prepositions such as up or out. So we have the phrasal verbs:

Learners find phrasal verbs difficult because they hear/see a string of words they know but which do not produce a comprehensible message:

There are no useful rules for learning the meanings of phrasal verbs from their constituent parts, so each one has to be learned as a separate entity. Unfortunately for ESL students everyday English is absolutely teeming with phrasal verbs.