Essential
Adjective
Adverb
Article
Auxiliary
Clause
Comparative
Conjunction
Determiner
Idiom
Imperative
Infinitive
Interjection
Intonation
Noun
Object
Participle
Phrase
Plural
Pronoun
Preposition
Punctuation
Sentence
Singular
Subject
Superlative
Tense
Verb
Word
Additional
Accent
Acronym
Apposition
Case
Cognate
Cohesion
Colloquial
Collocation
Complement
Conjugation
Conditional
Copula
Declension
Derivation
Dialect
Discourse
Ellipsis
Etymology
Euphemism
Finite
Gender
Gerund
Homophone
Indicative
Inflection
Interrogative
Jargon
Lexis

 
Modal
Mood
Morpheme
Morphology
Number
Orthography
Parse
Passive
Person
Phoneme
Phonetics
Pragmatics
Phrasal verb
Predicate
Prefix
Pronunciation
Prosody
Register
Reported speech
Semantics
Slang
Style
Subjunctive
Suffix
SVO
Syntax
Tag
Transitive
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Language words for non-language teachers

The lists on the left contain language topics that mainstream teachers may wish to learn more about. The entries have been written with the difficulties of the ESL student in mind. Clearly, all mainstream teachers will know what an adjective is. But they may not know the features of the adjective system that often cause difficulties for the ESL students in their classes. They can learn about such difficulties by clicking the word to see an explanation and some examples.

Before getting started you might want to read more about the veritable hotbed of disagreement and controversy that is the field of language study. This will help you understand the context in which these language word explanations are based.

References
Chalker, S. & Weiner, E. The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar. Oxford University Press. 1994.
Crystal, D. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge University Press. 1987.
Crystal, D. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. Cambridge University Press. 1995.
Smith, B. & Swan, M. Learner English. Cambridge University Press. 1987.

[There is a students' version of this entry page on the Grammar subsite.]