Academic words: Printable listing - In descending order of frequency



contact [verb]
to get in touch (e.g. by phone or email)

Associated:   contact (noun)
1284,00

research [noun]
study; the finding of information

Associated:   research (verb)
682,00

site [noun]
place

Associated:   site (verb)
666,00

state [noun]
condition, situation

Note:   Another common meaning of state is country, nation, government, as in The state has no right to tell me what to do. (See also: statement)
580,00

view [verb]
to have an opinion

Associated:   view (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of view (noun) is what you can see, as in I love the view from my bedroom window. View is also a simple synonym for look at
570,00

education [noun]
schooling

Associated:   educate (verb); educated (adjective)
544,00

form [verb]
to make (into a shape)

Associated:   form (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of form is an official document to be filled out, as in If you want a new passport, you will need to fill out this application form.
516,00

provide [verb]
to give

Associated:   provision (noun)
Note:   The expression provided that means on condition that , as in You can borrow my iPod provided that you give it back before I go home.
471,00

staff [noun]
people working at a particular place (particularly an office or school)

Associated:   staff (verb)
470,00

include [verb]
to put in; to have in

Associated:   inclusion (noun)
Antonym: exclude

462,00

community [noun]
a group of people

Associated:   communal (adjective)
424,00

found [verb]
to begin (often an organization)

Associated:   foundation (noun)
Note:   To found is a regular verb. Past tense: founded.
411,00

course [noun]
a subject or period of study

410,00

address [verb]
to give attention to (an issue)

Note:   Another common meaning of address is, of course, house number, street, etc. , as in My address
402,00

support [noun]
help

Associated:   support (verb); supportive (adjective)
398,00

own [verb]
to have or possess

Associated:   owner (noun)
390,00

description [noun]
an account of what something is like or looks like

Associated:   describe (verb)
364,00

review [verb]
to check over (and make changes)

Associated:   review (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of review (noun / verb) is written or spoken opinion about a book, film, etc., as in Did you read the review of Madonna's new CD? I thought it was rather harsh.
360,00

apply [verb]
to be relevant (to)

Associated:   application (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of apply is to make a formal request for something ( especially jobs or college admission ), as in I have applied to study physics at Harvard.
354,00

service [noun]
work done for others; help

352,00

current [adjective]
happening now

Associated:   currently (adverb)
340,50

present [verb]
to give or show; to make a presentation

Associated:   presentation (noun); presenter (noun)
Note:   Two more common meanings of present : 1. present (adjective) = here (opposite of absent), and 2. present (noun) = gift.
336,00

policy [noun]
formal rules

336,00

order [noun]
sequence, place

Associated:   order (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of order (noun and verb) is command , as in The teacher gave the order to leave the room. A further common use is in the expression in order to as in I went to the library in order to use one of the computers.
312,00

control [verb]
to have and exercise power over something or someone

Associated:   control (noun)
312,00

public [adjective]
open to all; not private

Associated:  
Antonym: private

Note:   The public are the people of a country, as in It's time the public were told about the proposed tax increases.
309,00

request [verb]
to ask politely

Associated:   request (noun)
306,00

available [adjective]
can be had (bought or obtained)

Associated:   availability (noun)
Antonym: unavailable

306,00

area [noun]
field, sphere

Note:   Another common meaning of area is to refer to the physical space taken up by a large object, as in A huge area of the rainforest has been cleared.
288,00

process [noun]
a series of steps

282,00

add [verb]
to include; to give or say extra

Associated:   addition (noun); additional (adjective)
Antonym: subtract

269,10

related [adjective]
connected; having something to do with each other

Associated:   relation (noun); relationship (noun)
Antonym: unrelated

264,00

level [noun]
standard; layer; amount

Associated:   level (verb)
Note:   Level is useful word with many shades of meaning. You are recommended to use your dictionary to find these.
264,00

field [noun]
area of interest or study

Note:   The most common meaning of field is area of land, as in There were more than 100 cows in the field.
262,00

access [noun]
the right to enter or use

Associated:   accessible (adjective); access (verb)
258,00

create [verb]
to make; to use your imagination to make something new

Associated:   creation (noun); creativity (noun); creative (adjective)
257,10

experience [noun]
knowledge and skills gained over a long period of time

Associated:   experience (verb)
252,00

degree [noun]
amount

Note:   Another common meaning of degree is an educational award, as in I am studying for a degree in linguistics.
250,00

main [adjective]
most important

Associated:   mainly (adverb)
246,00

focus [verb]
to direct attention (on an issue)

Associated:   focus (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of focus is to make sharp, as in This picture is very unclear. Are you sure you know how to focus your camera?
245,40

design [noun]
planning (drawing)

Associated:   design (verb)
244,00

receive [verb]
to get

Associated:   receipt (noun)
Antonym: give, get

243,00

schedule [noun]
timetable

Note:   Some people (particularly Britons) pronounce schedule as shhedule; others (Americans) as skedule.
240,00

develop [verb]
to grow or improve

Associated:   development (noun)
238,80

section [noun]
part

232,00

administration [noun]
the people responsible for running an organization such as the government or a school

Associated:   administer (verb); administrator (noun)
228,00

point [noun]
purpose; reason; value

Note:   Another meaning of point as a noun is score or mark , as in: This question is worth 4 points . A common meaning of point as a verb is to show with the finger, as in Can you point to the animal in this picture?
224,00

career [noun]
a long-term job

222,00

version [noun]
form

220,00

select [verb]
to choose

Associated:   selection (noun)
219,90

event [noun]
a happening

216,00

approach [verb]
to near; to get closer

Associated:   approach (noun)
Note:   A common meaning of the noun approach is a way of looking at or doing something, as in I don't like his approach to teaching.
216,00

master [verb]
to (gain) control

Associated:   mastery (noun)
214,20

member [noun]
a person who is part of a team or other organization

214,00

associate [verb]
to link to; to make a connection to

Associated:   association (noun); associate(noun)
Note:   An associate is someone you know (especially at work).
210,90

location [noun]
place, where something or someone is

Associated:   locate (verb)
210,00

individual [noun]
one person

Associated:   individually (adverb)
208,00

submit [verb]
to give; to send

Associated:   submission (noun)
206,10

society [noun]
a group of people; the entire group of people living in a country

Associated:   social (adjective)
204,00

previous [adjective]
the one before

Associated:   previously (adjective)
Antonym: next

204,00

major [adjective]
important, large

Associated:  
Antonym: minor

Note:   A major (noun) is a student's first and most important subject at college.
201,00

continue [verb]
to carry on, not stop

Associated:   continuation (noun); continual (adjective); continually (adverb); continuous (adjective)
200,10

increase [verb]
to get bigger

Associated:   increase (noun)
Antonym: decrease

Note:   In the noun increase the first syllable is stressed. In the verb increase the second syllable is stressed. The same applies to decrease.
200,10

materials [noun]
the things you need to do something

Note:   In the singular material has a broader meaning. For example: The teacher has given us a lot of material to read by Monday. (Use your dictionary to find other meanings.)
199,40

series [noun]
a number of things, one after the other

197,20

aid [noun]
help (often financial help)

Associated:   aid (verb)
196,60

opportunity [noun]
chance

Associated:   opportune (adjective)
195,60

share [verb]
to exchange; to give

Associated:   share (noun)
195,30

term [noun]
a word or expression

Note:   Another common meaning of term is period of time, as in The government is now entering its last term of office.
194,20

transfer [verb]
to move to a different place or job

Associated:   transfer (noun)
193,50

determine [verb]
to find out; to establish or identify; state

Note:   If you are determined to do something, you will do everything to make sure you do it. Example: I am determined to learn all these words by the end of the year.
190,50

source [noun]
where something begins, where you can find something

188,40

consider [verb]
to think

Associated:   consideration (noun)
187,80

require [verb]
to need

Associated:   requirement (noun)
185,40

environment [noun]
the world around us

Associated:   environmental (adjective)
184,60

quality [noun]
worth or value

Associated:   qualitative (adjective)
183,00

complete [adjective]
full or finished

Associated:   completion (noun)
Antonym: incomplete

Note:   The adverb completely means totally, as in The instructions were not completely clear to me.
183,00

offer [verb]
to ask if someone would like something (e.g. food or help)

Associated:   offer (noun)
182,70

code [noun]
a set of rules

Note:   Computer code is the text written in a computer programming language.
180,20

result [noun]
outcome, effect

Associated:   result (verb); resulting (adjective)
178,80

performance [noun]
action or achievement

Associated:   perform (verb); performer (noun)
Note:   Performance is most commonly used to refer to musical, theatrical or sporting activities.
178,60

guide [noun]
someone or something that helps people (to understand or find their way)

Associated:   guide (verb); guidelines (noun)
177,60

statement [noun]
a spoken sentence or sentences (sometimes prepared in advance)

Associated:   state (verb)
176,60

several [adjective]
many (about 6 or seven)

175,50

improve [verb]
to get better

Associated:   improvement (noun)
Antonym: deteriorate

170,70

discuss [verb]
to talk about

Associated:   discussion (noun)
169,20

local [adjective]
in the area where you live or work

Associated:   locality (noun); locally (adverb)
168,00

role [noun]
job or function

Note:   Some people like to spell role with a circonflex rΒle .
166,60

resource [noun]
a source of information or material

165,60

enter [verb]
to go in or put in

Associated:   entry (noun)
Antonym: leave, exit

164,70

issue [noun]
a matter or problem

Note:   Another common meaning of issue is a particular edition of a newspaper or magazine, as in Have you seen last week's issue of Time?
164,00

range [noun]
extent, distance between two points

160,20

means [noun]
way

159,20

credit [noun]
.. gained on completing a course of study; praise

Associated:   credit (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of credit is money loaned (by a bank) , as in We are buying our house on credit.
159,20

cover [verb]
to do; to complete

Associated:   coverage (noun)
158,40

while [conjuntion]
.. used to contrast to people or things; although

Note:   An alternative spelling for this meaning of while is whilst. The most common meaning of while is during the time that, as in I did my homework while my father cooked dinner.
158,00

account [noun]
a written or spoken report of a happening

Note:   Another common meaning of account is in connection with money and business , as in I have an account with the Deutsche Bank. The preposition on account of means because of , as in She was late tto school on account of the heavy traffic.
157,00

identify [verb]
to know or say who or what something is

Associated:   identification (noun)
155,70

risk [verb]
to act in a way that might lead to danger or failure

Associated:   risk (noun); risky (adjective)
155,10

period [noun]
a length of time (e.g. a lesson)

154,40

committee [noun]
a group of people meeting to discuss an issue

154,00

release [verb]
to let go or let out

Associated:   release (noun)
153,90

facilities [noun]
buildings and other places that can be used by people

Note:   This word is almost twice as common in the plural as the singular.
152,60

power [noun]
the right or authority to do something

Associated:   powerful (adverb); empower (verb)
152,60

status [noun]
position, standing

151,40

participate [verb]
to take part

Associated:   participation (noun)
150,30

structure [noun]
the way something is made or organized

Associated:   structural (adjective); structurally (adverb); structure (verb)
148,80

function [noun]
job or role

Associated:   function (verb)
148,60

join [verb]
to become a member (of an organization; to get together with others

Note:   A joint is part of the body where two bones meet (e.g. elbow) A junction is where two or more roads meet.
148,50

appear [verb]
to come, be seen

Associated:   appearance (noun)
Antonym: disappear, vanish

Note:   Another common meaning of appear is to seem, as in It appears that he has been lying. or It doesn't appear that he's coming. (Someone's appearance is the way they look.)
148,50

various [adjective]
several, of different kinds

Associated:   variety (noun)
147,30

image [noun]
picture

146,20

theory [noun]
idea or hypothesis

Associated:   theorize (verb); theoretical (adjective)
144,20

potential [noun]
good possibility

Associated:   potential (adjective); potentially (adverb)
143,00

force [verb]
to make happen or to make someone do something

Associated:   force (noun)
142,80

base [verb]
to use as a way of doing or deciding something

Associated:   basis (noun)
Note:   A common meaning of base (used as a noun) is the foot or bottom of something, as in We had our picture taken at the base of the pyramid.
141,00

record [noun]
evidence; documentation

Associated:   record (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of record (noun) is best performance , as in The record for the most goals scored in a professional football match is 36.
139,80

annual [adjective]
yearly

Associated:   annually (adverb)
138,20

final [adjective]
last

Associated:   finally (adverb)
Antonym: initial

137,70

summary [noun]
a short account of the most important details

Associated:   summarize (verb)
136,80

since [conjuntion]
because

Note:   A more common meaning of since , of course, is in the time after .., as in I have lived in Germany since 1986.
136,00

attend [verb]
to go to, to be present at

Associated:   attendance (noun)
135,60

purpose [noun]
reason, goal

135,40

necessary [adjective]
needed; very important

Associated:   necessity (noun); necessarily (adverb)
Antonym: unnecessary, superfluous

134,20

grant [noun]
a sum of money given to a person or organization

Associated:   grant (verb)
Note:   To grant is to give, as in The fairy granted him 3 wishes.
133,60

standard [noun]
quality

133,60

impact [noun]
effect

Associated:   impact (verb)
133,40

notice [verb]
to see or realize

Associated:   notice (noun)
Note:   A notice is a piece of paper put up somewhere with information for people to read, as in Did you see the notice outside the library saying that all their computers are down?.
132,90

rate [noun]
quantity; proportion; speed

Note:   Another common meaning of rate (verb) is to judge, give an opinion about .., as in How did you rate the science lesson we had yesterday?
132,40

explore [verb]
to look into a place or thing (in order to learn more about it)

Associated:   exploration (noun); explorer (noun)
132,30

response [noun]
answer or reply; reaction

Associated:   respond (verb)
132,00

common [adjective]
often seen or happening

Associated:   commonly (adverb); commonality (adverb)
Antonym: uncommon

Note:   Another meaning of common is shared, as in We soon found that we have common interests. or We soon found that we have a lot in common.
131,60

separate [verb]
to pull or put apart

Associated:   separation (noun)
Antonym: join

130,50

produce [verb]
to make or create

Associated:   product (noun)
130,50

ensure [verb]
to make sure (of)

128,70

key [adjective]
most important

Note:   The most common meaning of key (noun) , of course, is metal object used too lock and unlock doors.
128,60

basic [adjective]
first or easy

128,20

effect [noun]
result

Associated:   affect (verb)
127,80

physical [adjective]
of the body

Associated:   physically (adverb)
Antonym: mental

126,40

obtain [verb]
to get

126,30

ability [noun]
ableness to do something; a skill for doing something well

Associated:   to be able to (verb); able (adjective)
Antonym: inability

Note:   A disability is (permanent) physical inability. People who cannot see have a disability. A near synonym of ability is capability .
126,20

maintain [verb]
to claim or state

Note:   Another common meaning of maintain (noun: maintenance) is to keep in a good working condition , as in Some cars are more expensive to maintain than others.
126,00

method [noun]
a way of doing something

125,60

format [noun]
appearance, layout, way of presenting

Associated:   format (verb)
125,40

goal [noun]
aim or intention

Note:   Another common meaning of goal , of course, is what you score in football, as in I scored 3 goals in yesterday's game.
123,40

exchange [verb]
to give or change one thing and get a different thing

Associated:   exchange (noun)
123,30

amount [noun]
how much there is of something

Associated:   amount (verb)
123,00

appropriate [adjective]
right (for the occasion; suitable

Associated:   appropriately (adverb)
Antonym: inappropriate

122,40

respect [verb]
to think positively about someone; to tolerate or avoid interfering with something

Associated:   respect (noun); respectful (adjective); respected (adjective)
120,60

industry [noun]
area of business ( often manufacturing )

Associated:   industrial (adjective)
Note:   The adjective industrious means hard-working, as in She is a very industrious student.
120,40

reduce [verb]
to make smaller or shorter

Associated:   reduction (noun)
Antonym: enlarge

119,70

represent [verb]
to be; to show or indicate

Associated:   representation (noun); representative(adjective)
Note:   A representative (noun, often shortened to rep) is a person who works for a company. Example; A rep came to my house yesterday and tried to sell me a vacuum cleaner.
118,80

occur [verb]
to happen; take place

Associated:   occurrence (noun)
118,50

assist [verb]
to help

Associated:   assistance (noun)
118,20

case [conjuntion]
.. for the event that, because maybe .. will

Note:   With this meaning case must be preceded by in (in case) . The noun case has several meanings. (Use your dictionary to look them up!)
118,00

growth [noun]
development, increase

Associated:   grow (verb)
117,40

technical [adjective]
to do with machines or the way things work

Associated:   technology (noun)
116,80

conduct [verb]
to do or perform; to behave

Associated:   conduct (noun)
Note:   The noun conduct is most often used as a synonym for behaviour . [As a noun conduct is stressed on the first syllable, as a verb it is stressed on the second.]
116,40

survey [noun]
questionnaire; information gained by questioning people or data

Associated:   survey (verb)
116,00

remain [verb]
to stay; still exist

Associated:   remainder (noun)
Note:   The remains (noun) of something is what is left of it after a long time, as in We walked along the remains of the ancient Roman wall.
115,50

indicate [verb]
to show or convey

Associated:   indication (noun)
114,90

institution [noun]
a large organization; an important system or custom

Note:   Institute is a similar word used for a large organization.
114,80

prepare [verb]
to get something ready (or to get ready for something)

Associated:   preparation (noun)
Note:   If you are prepared to do something, this means that you are ready and willing to not it. Example: The doctor was not prepared to give a reason for his decision.
114,60

particular [adjective]
specific

Associated:   particularly (adverb)
Note:   Particularly means especially , as in That test was not particularly difficult.
114,40

decision [noun]
intention to do something, choice

Associated:   decide (verb)
114,20

advance [verb]
to go or move forward; to get better

Associated:   advance (noun); advanced (adjective)
Antonym: retreat

Note:   A common use of advance is in the expression in advance which means ahead of time. For example: I booked my plan ticket well in advance.
113,70

affect [verb]
to have an influence on

Associated:   effect (noun)
113,70

topic [noun]
area of interest or discussion

113,00

global [adjective]
world

Associated:   globe (noun); globalization (noun)
112,50

lecture [noun]
a talk on a particular subject; talk criticizing unacceptable behaviour

Associated:   lecture (verb)
112,20

similar [adjective]
like, almost the same as

Associated:   similarity (noun); similarly (adverb)
Antonym: different

111,80

background [noun]
family experiences; circumstances

Associated:   journey (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of background is associated with what you can see behind or at the back of something. Example: It is not easy to read webpages with green writing on a purple background.
111,60

explain [verb]
to give the reason for something or say how to do something

Associated:   explanation (noun)
111,60

measure [verb]
to find out how much there is of something

Associated:   measurement (noun)
Note:   Another important meaning of measure (noun) is action taken to achieve a goal , as in The government needs to think of alternative measures for dealing with the problem. With this meaning the noun is usually found in the plural.
110,40

distance [noun]
how far it is from one place to another

Associated:   distant (adjective)
109,20

store [verb]
to put something in a place where it can be found and used later

Associated:   store (noun)
108,90

avoid [verb]
to not do something or go somewhere

Associated:   avoidance (noun)
108,60

legal [adjective]
acceptable in law (to do with the law)

Associated:   legally (adverb); legality (noun)
Antonym: illegal

107,40

purchase [verb]
to buy

Associated:   purchase (noun)
Antonym: sell

107,10

region [noun]
part of a place

Associated:   regional (adjective)
106,80

trade [verb]
to exchange products or services

Associated:   trade (noun)
106,50

evidence [noun]
proof, signs

106,40

suggest [verb]
to say an idea; to recommend

Associated:   suggestion (noun)
105,90

relationship [noun]
the way to things are connected

Note:   Another common use of relationship is when referring to how people get on with each other. Example: She doesn't have a very good relationship with her parents.
105,00

achieve [verb]
to gain or get something (often academic success)

Associated:   achievement (noun)
105,00

contain [verb]
to have in it; to hold inside

Associated:   content (noun)
103,50

attention [noun]
focus

Associated:   attend (verb)
103,20

rather [adverb]
instead

Note:   Another common meaning of rather is quite, somewhat, as in I think I did rather well in the test.
102,90

original [adjective]
the first of its kind

Associated:   originate (verb); original (adjective); originally (adverb); origin (noun)
Note:   The origin of something is where or how it starts, as in Can anyone tell me the origin of the word spam (email spam)?
102,90

effective [adjective]
good, working well

Associated:   effectively (adverb)
Antonym: ineffective

102,80

due [preposition]
as a result of, because of

Note:   When due is used as a preposition in this way, it must be followed by to. An exact synonym is span class="extraFullWord">owing to .. .
Another common meaning of due is the date on something has to be done, as in Don't forget. Your project is due tomorrow.

102,00

evaluate [verb]
to decide on the value, quality or importance of something

Associated:   evaluation (noun)
101,10

choice [noun]
decision, selection

Associated:   choose (verb)
101,00

cause [noun]
the reason why something happens

Associated:   cause (verb)
100,80

among [preposition]
in, between

Note:   This word is sometimes spelled amongst .
99,40

volume [noun]
amount

Note:   Another common meaning of volume is sound level , as in Can you please turn down the volume of the TV. I'm trying to do my homework.
99,00

sample [noun]
example; a smaller number of a larger collection

Associated:   sample (verb)
Note:   If a doctor asks you for a sample she wants you to give blood or urine.
98,60

scale [noun]
extent

Note:   Another common meaning of scale is the key that shows distances on a map , as in The scale on this map is 1:30,000.
98,20

treatment [noun]
way of handing a person, situation or problem (often of illness)

Associated:   treat (verb)
97,60

effort [noun]
hard work; attempt

97,60

refer [verb]
to direct (attention) to; to mean

Associated:   reference (noun)
97,20

progress [noun]
improvement or development

Associated:   progress (verb)
97,00

alternative [noun]
other possibility

Associated:   alternative (adjective); alternatively (adverb)
97,00

establish [verb]
to begin or set up

Associated:   establishment (noun)
96,90

political [adjective]
to do government and politics

Associated:   politics (noun); politician (noun)
96,60

encourage [verb]
to move someone to do something by positive talk; support or help

Associated:   encouragement (noun)
Antonym: discourage

96,60

comment [noun]
a short written or spoken statement or opinion

Associated:   comment (verb)
96,60

especially [adverb]
particularly

Associated:   especial (adjective)
95,80

reflect [verb]
to think or consider

Associated:   reflection (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of reflect / reflection is connected with mirrors, glass, etc. Example: I saw my reflection in the shop window as I walked past.
95,70

context [noun]
the place or situation in which something is found

95,60

certain [adjective]
sure

Associated:   certainty (noun); certainly (adverb)
Antonym: uncertain

Note:   Another very common use of certain can be seen in the following examples, where it has the broad meaning of some. Examples: There are certain problems with your writing. Certain people are unhappy with the plans.
95,60

contribute [verb]
to give (for example: money, help or ideas); to play a part in

Associated:   contribution (noun)
94,80

complex [adjective]
difficult, complicated

Associated:   complexity (noun)
Antonym: simple

Note:   Another common meaning of complex as a noun is personality problem, as in She has a complex about people watching her when she eats.
94,60

display [noun]
a show, demonstration, illustration

Associated:   display (verb)
94,20

minimum [noun]
the smallest amount; the least

Associated:   minimize (verb)
Antonym: maximum

Note:   Minimize can also be spelled minimise.
94,20

economic [adjective]
financial; to do with money

Associated:   economy (noun); economically (adverb)
Note:   Economics is the study of finance . The economy is the total financial transactions of a country.
93,90

prevent [verb]
to stop from doing or happening

Associated:   prevention (verb); preventative (adjective)
93,90

thus [adverb]
so

93,60

equipment [noun]
the things you need (to do a job or play sport, etc.)

Associated:   equip (verb)
93,60

promote [verb]
to encourage; to raise to a higher position in a job

Associated:   promotion (noun)
93,00

attempt [verb]
to try

Associated:   attempt (noun)
93,00

demonstrate [verb]
to show

Associated:   demonstration (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of demonstration is street gathering of people protesting about something, as in There was a large demonstration outside Parliament yesterday. A demonstrator is someone who takes part in a street demonstration.
92,70

enhance [verb]
to make something better

Associated:   enhancement (noun)
92,40

assume [verb]
to believe to be true; to presume or predict

Associated:   assumption (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of assume is to take on, as in I assume responsibility for what happened.
91,80

property [noun]
the things that belong to someone, especially their home

91,00

figure [noun]
number

Note:   Another common meaning of the noun figure is shape (person), as in I saw a strange figure standing by the gate.
91,00

average [adjective]
ordinary, typical

Associated:   average (noun)
90,90

examine [verb]
to look at carefully

Associated:   examination (noun)
90,90

significant [adjective]
important, large

Associated:   significance (noun); significantly (adverb)
Antonym: insignificant

89,70

seek [verb]
to look for or want

89,40

loss [noun]
removal or reduction

Associated:   lose (verb)
Antonym: gain

Note:   Another common meaning of loss is the result of losing something, as in I am still sad about the loss of my camera.
89,20

responsibility [noun]
job, duty to do something

Associated:   responsible (adjective)
88,80

express [verb]
to say or mean

Associated:   expression (noun)
Note:   Another meaning of expression is group of words, as in I don't like the expression How's tricks? Why can't people just ask: "How are you?"
88,50

independent [adjective]
free; not needing anyone or anything else

Associated:   independence (noun); independently (adverb)
Antonym: dependent

88,50

finance [noun]
to do with money and payment

Associated:   finance (verb); financial (adjective)
88,20

instruction [noun]
advice or teaching how to do something; an order to do something

Associated:   instruct (verb); instructor (noun)
88,00

recently [adverb]
in the near past

Associated:   recent (adjective)
88,00

error [noun]
a mistake

Associated:   err (verb)
87,60

enable [verb]
to make something or someone able to do something

Associated:  
Antonym: disable

Note:   If someone is disabled , it usually means that they have a disability that prevents them from doing everything that a healthy person can do; e.g. work, walk around, etc.
87,60

entire [adjective]
whole, all

Associated:   entirely (adverb); entirety (noun)
87,40

therefore [adverb]
so, as a result

86,60

accept [verb]
to agree (to have)

Associated:   acceptance (noun)
Antonym: reject

Note:   Acceptable means ok, permissible . Example: Your behaviour is not acceptable .
85,20

detail [noun]
a small piece of information

Associated:   detailed (adjective)
Note:  
84,80

exist [verb]
to be alive, to be in the world

Associated:   existence (noun)
84,30

abstract [adjective]
not specific or concrete

Associated:   abstraction (noun)
Note:   An abstract painting is one without an obvious subject. Another common meaning of abstract (noun) is a short summary of a written article (usually an academic article).
84,20

benefit [noun]
advantage

Associated:   benefit (verb)
84,00

category [noun]
group of similar items

Associated:   categorize (verb)
83,60

tool [noun]
something used to do a job

82,00

task [noun]
job

82,00

block [verb]
to not allow; to stop or prevent

Associated:   block (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of block as a noun is a large piece or collection of , as in a block of wood or .. a block of houses
81,60

fund [noun]
money collected for a particular purpose

Associated:   fund (verb)
Note:   A refund is money returned to the person who paid it (e.g. because she paid too much or could not be given what she ordered).
81,40

feature [noun]
part, aspect

Associated:   feature (verb)
81,00

likely [adjective]
probable

Associated:   likelihood (noun)
Antonym: unlikely

80,40

whether [conjuntion]
if

80,20

protect [verb]
to keep something out of danger

Associated:   protection (noun)
79,80

define [verb]
to state what something is or means

Associated:   definition (noun)
79,50

recognize [verb]
to know or understand (who someone is or what something is)

Associated:   recognition (noun)
Note:   Recognize can also be spelled recognise
79,20

overall [adjective]
general

Associated:   overall (adverb)
79,00

unique [adjective]
single, unusual, one of a kind

Associated:   uniquely (adverb); uniqueness (noun)
78,90

directions [noun]
instructions

Note:   When directions is in the plural, it has the meaning of instructions . In the singular it has to do with north, south etc.
78,40

manage [verb]
to succeed in doing something; to be able to do something

Note:   Another very common meaning of manage is associated with business, as in manager / management, etc.
78,30

simply [adverb]
completely; just; only

77,80

perspective [noun]
view; opinion; way of thinking

Note:   In art perspective is the term used for how the artist shows depth. Example: The perspective in this painting is all wrong. It makes him look like he's bigger than the building!
76,00

deal [noun]
agreement

Associated:   deal (verb)
Note:   The phrasal verb to deal with means to address an issue or difficulty, as in I've never had this problem before. I don't know how to deal with it.
76,00

situation [noun]
circumstances

75,80

gain [noun]
to get; to increase in ..

Associated:   gain (verb)
Antonym: lose

Note:   A popular athlete's expression about the need for hard physical work is: No pain, no gain!
75,60

official [adjective]
approved by an authority

Associated:   officially (adverb); official (noun)
Antonym: unofficial

Note:   An official is a person with authority such as a policeman, as in Government officials are always telling us what to do.
75,40

initial [adjective]
starting, first

Associated:   initially (adverb)
Note:   Used as a plural noun initials (noun) refer to the first letters of each of your names. . The webmaster's initials are PWS (Paul William Shoebottom).
75,20

generally [adverb]
usually

Associated:   general (adjective)
Note:   A useful alternative expression is in general . Example In general his work is good, but recently it has deteriorated.
75,20

justice [noun]
fairness in law

Associated:   just (adjective)
Antonym: injustice

75,00

monitor [verb]
to watch ( someone's or something's behaviour )

Associated:   monitor (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of monitor (noun) is viewing screen of a computer.
74,70

reserve [verb]
to keep

Associated:   reservation (noun)
74,40

analyze [verb]
to look at something in detail in order to understand it

Associated:   analysis (noun)
Note:   Analyze is the typical American English spelling. In British English analyse is more likely.
74,40

against [preposition]
opposed to; not for or in favour

Associated:  
Antonym: for, in favour of

74,20

connect [verb]
to bring or put together

Associated:   connection (noun)
Antonym: disconnect

74,10

challenge [noun]
difficult situation; problem

Associated:   challenge (verb); challenging (adjective)
74,00

item [noun]
thing, element

73,80

remove [verb]
to take away

Associated:   removal (noun)
73,80

generate [verb]
to make or produce

Associated:   generation (noun)
Note:   A generator is a machine to produce electricity.
73,80

advantage [noun]
benefit

Associated:   advantageous (adjective)
Antonym: disadvantage

73,40

edit [verb]
to make changes in a piece of writing

Associated:   editor (noun)
Note:   An editor is someone who works for a newspaper or publisher, and is employed to check the writing submitted to them.
72,90

surface [noun]
the outside layer of an object

Associated:   surface (verb)
72,80

trust [verb]
to believe that someone or something will be or work as promised

Associated:   trust (noun); trustworthy (adjective); trusting (adjective)
Antonym: distrust

72,60

regular [adjective]
predictable, following a pattern; normal

Associated:   regularly (adverb); regularity (noun)
Antonym: irregular

72,30

implement [verb]
to start or put into practice (something that has been planned)

Associated:   implementation (noun)
72,00

involve [verb]
to include or mean

Associated:   involvement (noun)
71,70

procedure [noun]
the way to do something

71,60

component [noun]
part of; an element of

71,40

district [noun]
region of a city

71,40

fee [noun]
money for a service (e.g. a baking service)

71,20

operation [noun]
procedure; happening; process

Associated:   operate (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of operation is surgery (cutting into the body) , as in I need to have an operation to remove the lump on the back of my hand.
71,00

prior [preposition]
before

Associated:   prior(adjective)
Note:   The preposition prior must be followed by to (prior to = before).
71,00

influence [noun]
effect

Associated:   influence (verb); influential (adjective)
70,80

former [adjective]
previous, the one before, the first of two

Associated:   formerly (adverb)
Antonym: latter

70,50

stress [verb]
to emphasize; to say what is important

Associated:   stress (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of stress is pressure , as in She is under a lot of stress at the moment. She has three important exams next week.
70,50

positive [adjective]
good; optimistic

Associated:  
Antonym: negative

Note:   In maths and science the word positive is associated with + plus and negative with - minus.
69,90

condition [noun]
state

Note:   Another important use of the word condition is to express what must happen before something else can be done. Examples: I'll lend you my iPod on condition that you return it tomorrow. - or - A condition of releasing you from prison is that you must report to the police once a week.
69,80

relevant [adjective]
connected to the topic of discussion or consideration

Associated:   relevance (noun)
Antonym: irrelevant

69,40

comparison [noun]
a statement of how two things are similar or different

Associated:   compare (verb)
69,20

object [noun]
thing

69,20

assess [verb]
to judge or test

Associated:   assessment (noun)
69,00

solve [verb]
to find an answer

Associated:   solution (noun)
Note:   A near synonym of solve is resolve (noun: resolution) . Example: They were able to resolve the conflict by each making compromises.
68,40

limit [noun]
extent, boundary

Associated:   limit (verb); limitation (noun)
68,40

lack [noun]
absence of a thing

Associated:   lack (verb); lacking (adjective)
68,00

concept [noun]
idea; understanding

Associated:   conceive (verb)
68,00

strategy [noun]
a plan for how to achieve a goal

Associated:   strategic (adjective)
67,80

stage [noun]
period of time, part of a process

Note:   Another common meaning of stage is where a play takes place, as in The actors ran from the stage when a fire broke out.
67,60

generation [noun]
group of people all born around the same time

67,20

expand [verb]
to get bigger; to move into new areas

Associated:   expansion (noun)
Antonym: contract

67,20

facilitate [verb]
to make something easier

Associated:   facilitation (noun)
67,20

manner [noun]
way of doing something

67,00

approximately [adverb]
about; not exactly

Associated:   approximate (adjective); approximation (noun)
Antonym: exactly

66,90

yet [conjuntion]
but

Note:   The most common use of yet is as an adverb , as in Have you done your homework yet?
66,50

recommend [verb]
to suggest something to someone because it is good

Associated:   recommendation (noun)
66,30

estimate [verb]
to make an intelligent guess

Associated:   estimate (noun)
66,30

comprehensive [adjective]
full, complete

Associated:   comprehensively (adverb)
Note:   A comprehensive school in the UK is one which all students attend regardless of their ability.
65,80

pursue [verb]
to follow (or do)

Associated:   pursuit (noun)
65,70

claim [verb]
to state to be true

Associated:   claim (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of claim is to ask for or take something (as a right) , as in Travellers claim their baggage at the baggage claim carousel.
65,40

introduce [verb]
to talk about or bring in for the first time

Associated:   introduction (noun)
Note:   Another common use of introduce is when meeting someone for the first time. Example: Let me introduce Mary. She's the new science teacher in grade 7.
65,40

assignment [noun]
a task; the giving of a task

Associated:   assign (verb)
65,40

extend [verb]
to make longer in time or space

Associated:   extension (noun)
64,50

regard [verb]
to think or have an opinion about something or someone

Associated:   regard (noun)
64,20

discover [verb]
to find out; to find something for the first time (esp. land or scientific knowledge)

Associated:   discovery (noun)
63,90

opinion [noun]
view; what you think about someone or something

Associated:   opine (verb); opinionated (adjective)
63,60

spread [verb]
to move (over a wider area)

Associated:   spread (noun)
63,30

engage [verb]
to participate in; to focus attention on

Associated:   engagement (noun)
Note:   To get engaged is to make a promise to marry, often by exchanging rings. Example: John and Mary got engaged last week and will marry at the end of September.
63,00

external [adjective]
outside

Associated:  
Antonym: internal

62,70

sequence [noun]
the order in which things are arranged or happen

Associated:   sequential (adjective)
62,60

raise [verb]
to lift; to make higher

Associated:   raise (noun)
Antonym: lower

62,40

though [conjuntion]
although, even though, but

61,30

visual [adjective]
to do with sight and seeing

Associated:   vision (noun); visually (adverb); visualize (verb)
60,80

speed [noun]
how quickly something moves or changes

Associated:   speed (verb)
60,60

brief [adjective]
short

Associated:   briefly (adverb); brevity (noun)
Antonym: lengthy

60,40

tend [verb]
to often behave in a certain way

Associated:   tendency (noun)
60,30

communicate [verb]
to convey information

Associated:   communication (noun)
60,30

target [noun]
aim, goal

Associated:   target (verb)
Note:   The target of someone with a gun or bow and arrow is what she or she is pointing at. Example: The Olympic biathlete missed the target by just 0,5mm.
60,00

earn [verb]
to get money or another reward (usually by working for it)

Associated:   earning (noun)
59,70

actual [adjective]
real

Associated:   actually (adverb)
59,70

balance [noun]
equalness

Associated:   balance (verb)
Antonym: imbalance

Note:   A balance is an object used for weighing things, as in We used the balance to determine the weight of the rock.
59,60

pressure [noun]
force; influence; stress

Associated:   pressure (verb); pressurize (verb)
59,60

damage [verb]
to spoil or break

Associated:   damage (noun)
59,40

supply [noun]
provision, store

Associated:   supply (verb)
59,00

income [noun]
money earned

58,80

fail [verb]
to not do something, or not work as expected; to do badly

Associated:   failure (noun)
Antonym: succeed

58,50

beyond [preposition]
further than: past

Note:   Sometimes beyond functions as an adverb, as in The spaceship went as far as Mars and beyond.
58,50

extent [noun]
size, amount

Associated:   extensive (adjective)
58,40

portion [noun]
part, amount

58,40

concern [noun]
worry, fear

Associated:   concern (verb); concerned (adjective)
Note:   A common expression is as far as .. concerned, as in As far as I am concerned you can go now.
58,20

phase [noun]
a (short) period of time; stage

58,20

consult [verb]
to get the advice of someone ( often an expert)

Associated:   consultation (noun)
57,90

regarding [preposition]
about, concerning, with respect to

Note:   Other forms of regarding are with regard to, as regards , as in I need to speak to John's parents as regards / with regard to his constant absence.
57,90

abuse [verb]
to treat someone or something badly

Associated:   abuse (noun)
Note:   Abuse of alcohol and illegal drugs is called substance abuse
57,90

essential [adjective]
very important

Note:   The adverb essentially means really, basically, as in Essentially she is a kind, cooperative girl but she doesn't always show it.
57,80

practical [adjective]
useful; possible

Associated:  
Antonym: impractical

Note:   A synonym of practically is practicable. The adverb practically means almost, as in I've practically finished with my research project.
57,20

investigate [verb]
to find out what has happened or why something has happened

Associated:   investigation (noun)
56,70

commercial [adjective]
to do with business

Associated:   commerce (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of commercial is television advertisement, as in I saw a funny commercial on TV last night.
56,60

replace [verb]
to put in or take the place of ..

Associated:   replacement (noun)
56,40

perhaps [adverb]
maybe, possibly

56,10

contract [noun]
a written agreement, binding in law

Note:   The verb contract means to get smaller, as in Metals expand when it is hot and contract when it is cold.
55,80

sound [adjective]
good; strong

Associated:   soundly (adverb)
Note:   The most common meaning of sound (noun) is noise, as in I like to hear sound of birds singing.
55,80

demand [noun]
a need or desire for

Associated:   demand (verb)
Note:   A common meaning of the verb to demand is to insist, as in I demand to see the headmaster!
55,60

decrease [verb]
to get smaller, to go down

Associated:   decrease (noun)
Antonym: increase

Note:   In the noun decrease the first syllable is stressed. In the verb decrease the second syllable is stressed.
55,50

prove [verb]
to show to be true

Associated:   proof (noun)
Antonym: disprove

55,50

depend [verb]
be influenced (by)

Associated:   dependence (noun)
55,50

broad [adjective]
wide, extensive

Associated:   broadly (adverb); breadth (noun)
Antonym: narrow

55,20

majority [noun]
more than 50%

Associated:  
Antonym: minority

55,00

pattern [noun]
clear and consistent behaviour

Note:   Pattern also refers to the lines and shapes on a piece of clothing, as in I like the pattern on your shirt!
54,40

authority [noun]
control (right to control)

Associated:   authorize (verb)
Note:   The expression the authorities is used to refer to people in power such as the police, the government, etc.. Example: It's time the the authorities did something about drinking on the streets.
54,20

objective [noun]
aim or goal

Note:   Another common meaning of objective (adjective) is without bias or prior opinion (opposite of subjective). Example: He's your son. How can you be objective about his chances of success?
54,00

inform [verb]
to say, give information

Associated:   information (noun)
54,00

construct [verb]
to make

Associated:   construction (noun)
53,40

train [verb]
to teach someone how to do a job

Associated:   training (noun); trainer (noun)
53,10

transition [noun]
a move from one (place, time, etc.) to another

Associated:   transitional (adjective)
53,00

instead [preposition]
in place of; rather than

Note:   Instead can also function as an adverb, as in example sentences 2 and 4 below. When it is used as a preposition, it must be followed by of.
52,90

observe [verb]
to watch carefully

Associated:   observation (noun)
52,80

diverse [adjective]
many and different

Associated:   diversity (noun)
52,50

conflict [noun]
problem, struggle or battle

Associated:   conflict (verb); conflicting (adjective)
52,40

experiment [noun]
test

Associated:   experiment (verb); experimental (adjective)
52,40

contrast [noun]
difference

Associated:   contrast (verb)
Note:   A common academic essay title is Compare and contrast .. , as in Compare and contrast the origins of the First and Second World Wars.
52,00

minor [adjective]
small, not important

Associated:  
Antonym: major

51,90

rise [noun]
to go up

Associated:   rise (verb)
Antonym: fall, sink

51,60

interact [verb]
to react, to affect and be affected

Associated:   interaction (noun)
51,30

numerous [adjective]
very many

51,20

specify [verb]
to state exactly

Associated:   specification (noun); specifically (adverb); specific (adjective)
51,00

domain [noun]
area (of interest)

50,60

interpretation [noun]
explanation; assessment

Associated:   interpret (verb)
50,60

yield [verb]
to produce

Associated:   yield (noun)
50,40

circumstances [noun]
situation

Note:   This word is possible in the singular (Google: 13 million hits) but much more common in the plural (90 million hits).
50,20

urban [adjective]
of the town or city

Associated:  
Antonym: rural

50,10

reform [verb]
to change and improve

Associated:   reform (noun)
50,10

instance [noun]
example

50,00

contemporary [adjective]
of this time, happening now

Associated:   contemporary (noun)
50,00

permit [verb]
to allow

Associated:   permission (noun)
Antonym: forbid

Note:   A permit (noun) is an official piece of paper allowing the holder to do something (cf. license) , as in You will need a permit if you want to fish here.
49,80

vary [noun]
to change or be different

Associated:   variation (noun); varied (adjective)
49,60

cycle [noun]
a complete series of events or processes

Associated:   cyclical (adjective)
Note:   To recycle something is to use it again, as in In Germany most household products such as bottles or yoghurt pots can be recycled.
49,20

consistent [adjective]
regular or predictable; remaining the same

Associated:   consistency (noun)
Antonym: inconsistent

49,00

otherwise [conjuntion]
or (else)

49,00

profit [noun]
money gained

Associated:   profit (verb); profitable (adjective)
Antonym: loss

48,60

label [verb]
to give a name to someone or something

Associated:   label (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of label is the small cloth or paper tag on clothing or food with information about the item or the name of the item's manufacturer .
48,60

exhibit [noun]
to show

Associated:   exhibition (noun)
Note:   An exhibition is permanent or temporary display of art or objects in a gallery or museum.
48,60

dynamic [adjective]
changing; growing; energetic

Associated:   dynamism (noun); dynamically (adverb)
48,40

scope [noun]
extent, range

48,40

military [adjective]
to do with army

Associated:   military (noun)
48,30

formal [adjective]
serious, not relaxed or everyday

Associated:  
Antonym: informal

48,20

reply [noun]
an answer

Associated:   reply (verb)
48,20

equivalent [adjective]
equal to; the same as

Associated:   equivalence (noun)
48,20

realize [verb]
to come to know or understand

Associated:   realization (noun)
Note:   Realize can also be spelled realise
48,00

poor [adjective]
bad, unsatisfactory

Associated:   poverty (noun); poorly (adverb)
Antonym: good

Note:   The most common meaning of poor , of course, is not rich.
47,60

expert [noun]
someone with great knowledge in a particular field

Associated:   expertise (noun)
47,40

technique [noun]
a method of doing something

47,20

deliver [verb]
to provide (often by bringing to people)

Associated:   delivery (noun)
47,10

donate [verb]
to give (usually money)

Associated:   donation (noun)
46,80

element [noun]
aspect, part

46,60

proper [adjective]
correct, appropriate

Associated:   properly (adjective)
Antonym: improper

46,50

judge [verb]
to give an opinion about someone or something

Associated:   judgement (noun); judge (noun)
Note:   A judge is the person with the power to sentence a convicted criminal in a law court . ( Judgement can also be spelled judgment.)
46,50

fear [verb]
to be concerned or frightened about

Associated:   fear (noun); fearful (adjective)
46,50

serious [adjective]
severe, large

Associated:   seriousness (noun); seriously (adverb)
Antonym: trivial

46,40

license [noun]
permission to do something (often an official document)

Associated:   license (verb)
Note:   This word can also be spelled licence .
46,40

principal [adjective]
most important

Note:   Another common meaning of principal (noun) is leader of a school, as in The principal wants to see you - now!
46,20

mention [verb]
to say; state

Associated:   mention (noun)
45,90

consist [verb]
to have in it; to have as part of it

45,90

coordinate [verb]
to bring things or people together so that they work well

Associated:   coordination (noun)
45,90

outstanding [adjective]
excellent

Associated:   outstandingly (adverb)
45,80

prefer [verb]
to like better

Associated:   preference (noun)
45,60

arise [verb]
to happen

45,60

mechanism [noun]
procedure, process

45,60

except [preposition]
(but) not

Associated:   exception (noun)
Note:   In example sentence 2 above except is being used as a conjunction. Something that is exceptional is extremely good, outstanding , as in That was an exceptional piece of work. Well done!
45,10

argument [noun]
justification or reason (for an idea)

Associated:   argue (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of argument is word fight, as in I had a huge argument with my boss yesterday.
45,00

chief [adjective]
most important

Associated:   chiefly (adverb)
Note:   Your chief is the person you work for. Much more usual, however, is to refer to him or her as your boss
45,00

mental [adjective]
of the brain or mind

Associated:  
Antonym: physical

44,70

sum [noun]
an amount of money, total

Note:   A sum in mathematics class is a simple problem, as in Some children never really learn to do their sums.
44,40

unless [conjuntion]
if not

44,40

appeal [verb]
to complain against an official judgment; to make a strong request

Associated:   appeal (noun)
Note:   If something appeals to you you like it or like the idea of it. Example: Lying for hours in the sun does not really appeal to me.
44,40

tradition [noun]
a usual, old-time way of doing things

Associated:   traditional (adjective); traditionally (adverb)
44,40

modify [verb]
to change

Associated:   modification (noun)
43,80

fundamental [adjective]
very important

Associated:   fundamentally (adverb)
43,60

ratio [noun]
mathematical relationship between two amount

43,20

innovation [noun]
new object or idea

Associated:   innovate (verb)
43,20

random [adjective]
by chance; without any sequence

Associated:   randomness (noun); randomly (adverb)
43,20

suppose [verb]
to think, imagine

Associated:   supposition (noun)
Note:   If you are supposed to do something, then you have an obligation or duty to do it. Example: She was supposed to pick me up from the airport, but she forgot.
43,20

constant [adjective]
not changing; long-lasting

Associated:   constantly (adverb)
Antonym: intermittent

43,00

organize [verb]
to put into (its proper) place

Associated:   organization (noun)
Note:   The most common meaning of organization is a large group of people working for a common purpose , as in Greenpeace is an organization that works to protect the environment.
42,60

agent [noun]
a person who is paid to do a job for someone

Associated:   agency (noun)
42,60

combine [verb]
to put or go together

Associated:   combination (noun)
42,60

aware [adjective]
knowing

Associated:   awareness (noun)
42,30

reverse [verb]
to turn back or go back

Associated:   reverse (noun); reversal (noun)
42,30

illustrate [verb]
to show; to make clear

Associated:   illustrative (adverb); illustration(noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of illustration is picture, as in This book has many interesting illustrations.
42,30

outline [noun]
plan or summary

Associated:   outline (verb)
42,20

typical [adjective]
usual

Associated:   typically (adverb); typify (verb)
42,00

aspect [noun]
feature, part of

41,80

exceed [verb]
to be more than or better than

Associated:   excess (noun)
41,70

repeat [verb]
to do or say again

Associated:   repetition (noun); repetitive (adjective)
41,70

eliminate [verb]
to dispose of

Associated:   elimination (noun)
41,70

immediate [adjective]
first (without delay)

Associated:   immediately (adverb)
41,70

integrate [verb]
to fit into a new situation

Associated:   integration (noun)
41,40

verify [verb]
to prove or claim the truth

Associated:   verification (noun); veracity (noun)
41,40

consent [verb]
to agree

Associated:   consent (noun)
41,40

desire [noun]
a want or wish for something

Associated:   desire (verb)
41,40

factor [noun]
an aspect to be considered

41,20

incorporate [verb]
to include

Associated:   incorporation (noun)
41,10

elementary [adjective]
easy

41,00

principle [noun]
rule

41,00

predict [verb]
to say what will happen in the future

Associated:   prediction (noun); predictable (adjective)
40,80

accurate [adjective]
exact, containing no mistakes

Associated:   accurately (adverb); accuracy (noun)
Antonym: inaccurate

40,80

valid [adjective]
correct

Associated:   validity (noun)
Antonym: invalid

Note:   An invalid (noun) is something who is unable to move around like healthy people (perhaps they need to be in a wheelchair).
40,60

broadcast [verb]
to tell or transmit (often by means of a television programme)

Associated:   broadcast (noun)
40,50

shift [noun]
change

Associated:   shift (verb)
40,20

debate [noun]
formal discussion

Associated:   debate (verb)
40,00

valuable [adjective]
worth a lot of money; important

Associated:   value (noun); value (verb)
40,00

conclude [verb]
to finish; to make a judgment

Associated:   conclusion (noun)
39,90

appreciate [verb]
to understand (the value of someone or something)

Associated:   appreciation (noun); appreciative(adjective)
39,90

utilize [verb]
to use

Associated:   utilization (noun); utility (noun)
39,90

resident [noun]
a person who lives in a place

Associated:   reside (verb); residence (noun)
39,60

propose [verb]
to suggest

Associated:   proposal (noun); proponent (noun)
Note:   A proponent is a person who proposes or actively supports an idea or plan.
39,60

priority [noun]
first and most important task

Associated:   prioritize (verb)
39,20

device [noun]
object; method

Associated:   devise (verb)
39,20

decline [verb]
to go down or get worse

Associated:   decline (noun)
Note:   Another meaning of decline is to refuse or reject , as in She declined the invitation to make a presentation to the whole faculty.
39,00

indeed [adverb]
.. used in confirmation or emphasis; really

38,80

command [noun]
control

Associated:   command (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of command is order, as in She gave the command to advance on the enemy.
38,80

proceed [verb]
to go forward (and do ..)

38,70

reasonable [adjective]
acceptable, quite good

Associated:   reasonably (adverb)
Antonym: unreasonable

38,60

respectively [adverb]
.. an expression used to refer to two things, one after the other

Associated:   respective (adjective)
38,40

eligible [adjective]
being entitled or qualified to do something

Associated:   eligibility(noun)
Antonym: ineligible

38,20

constitute [verb]
to be; to make up

Associated:   constitution (noun)
Note:   A common meaning of constitution is formal regulations of a country. The American Constitution was adopted in 1787.
38,10

acquire [verb]
to get or obtain

Associated:   acquisition (noun)
38,10

permanent [adjective]
lasting for ever or for a very long time

Associated:   permanence (noun); permanently (adverb)
Antonym: temporary

38,00

reveal [verb]
to show or uncover

Associated:   revelation (noun)
Antonym: conceal

37,80

succeed [verb]
to do well

Associated:   success (noun); successful (adjective)
Antonym: fail

37,80

accomplish [verb]
to do or achieve

Associated:   accomplishment (noun)
37,80

efficient [adjective]
working quickly and easily

Associated:   efficiency (noun); efficiently (adverb)
Antonym: inefficient

37,60

publish [verb]
to make available in paper or online form

Associated:   publication (noun); publisher (noun)
37,50

distinguish [verb]
to make clear the differences between two things

Associated:   distinction (noun)
37,50

compete [verb]
to try and win against someone or something

Associated:   competition (noun)
37,20

highlight [verb]
to show (the important features of something)

Note:   A highlight (noun) is the best part of an event or performance , as in For me the highlight of the show was when the girl played the piano with a hammer.
37,20

truth [noun]
actual reason or fact

Associated:   truthful (adjective); true(adjective)
37,00

sufficient [adjective]
enough

Associated:   sufficiently (adverb)
Antonym: insufficient

37,00

remote [adjective]
far, distant, small

Associated:   remotely (adverb)
Antonym: close

36,90

retain [verb]
to keep

Associated:   retention (noun)
36,90

preserve [verb]
to keep (safe)

Associated:   preservation (noun)
36,90

extremely [adverb]
very

Associated:   extreme (adjective)
36,60

fulfill [verb]
to do; to carry out (completely)

Associated:   fulfilment (noun); fulfilling (adjective)
Note:   This word is also spelled fulfil .
36,30

secure [adjective]
safe

Associated:   security (noun); securely (adverb); secure (verb)
Antonym: insecure

36,00

crisis [noun]
very dangerous situation, catastrophe

Associated:   critical (adjective)
35,80

outcome [noun]
result

35,60

detect [verb]
to see, find or notice

Associated:   detection (noun); detective (noun)
Note:   Every house needs a smoke detector in case of fire.
35,40

employ [verb]
to give a job to someone; to use

Associated:   employment (noun)
Note:   Employ is the basis for many useful words such as employer (boss), employee (worker), unemployment (the state of having no work), etc.
35,40

familiar [adjective]
known; well-known

Associated:   familiarity (noun)
Antonym: unfamiliar

35,40

rank [noun]
position (in a list or hierarchy)

Associated:   rank (verb)
35,40

subsequent [adjective]
next, following

Associated:   subsequently (adverb)
35,40

gather [verb]
to bring or get together

Associated:   gathering (noun)
Note:   Another meaning of gather (verb) is understand, have heard, as in I gather your not coming to my party.
35,10

emphasize [verb]
to stress, to say something strongly

Associated:   emphasis (noun)
Note:   Emphasize is also spelled emphasise.
35,10

qualify [verb]
to become eligible

Associated:   qualification (noun)
34,80

novel [adjective]
new

Associated:   novelty (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of novel (noun) is a long fiction story, as in One of the most famous novels in the English language is Great Expectations.
34,80

eventually [adverb]
in the end

Associated:   eventual (adjective)
34,40

medium [adjective]
in the middle

34,00

adjust [verb]
to change (often in order to make something work properly)

Associated:   adjustment (noun)
33,90

adopt [verb]
to take in; to start

Associated:   adoption (noun)
Note:   Another common use of adopt is in connection with a baby or child , as in They cannot have children of their own so they have decided to adopt a Romanian orphan.
33,90

overcome [verb]
to conquer, defeat

33,60

launch [verb]
to begin

Associated:   launch (noun)
33,60

transform [verb]
to change (often completely)

Associated:   transformation (noun)
33,60

skill [noun]
ability (e.g. in sport or music)

Associated:   skilful (adjective)
Note:   Skilfull is also spelled skillful.
33,40

confirm [verb]
to agree that something is correct

Associated:   confirmation (noun)
33,00

attack [noun]
to criticize; to attempt to harm or damage

Associated:   attack (verb)
Antonym: defence

33,00

duration [noun]
period of time

Associated:   during (preposition)
32,80

alter [verb]
to change

Associated:   alteration (noun)
32,70

substantial [adjective]
large

Associated:   substantially (adverb)
32,70

latter [adjective]
the second of two things mentioned

Associated:  
Antonym: former

32,60

firm [adjective]
strong, cannot be changed

Associated:   firmness (noun); firmly (adverb)
Antonym: weak

Note:   Another common meaning of firm (noun) is company, business, as in The firm is having financial problems.
32,60

install [verb]
to put in (often a machine or new system)

Associated:   installation (noun)
32,40

exercise [noun]
a piece of work, activity

Associated:   exercise (verb)
32,00

sector [noun]
part; area

31,80

convert [verb]
to change from one thing to another

Associated:   conversion (noun)
31,80

arrange [verb]
to plan to happen; to group together

Associated:   arrangement (noun)
Note:   You make an arrangement when you agree with a friend when and where to meet, etc.
31,80

somewhat [adverb]
quite, rather

31,50

rapid [adjective]
quick

Associated:   rapidity (noun); rapidly (adverb)
Antonym: slow

31,50

aim [noun]
goal or intention

Associated:   aim (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of aim is to point a gun etc. at a target , as in Wilhem Tell aimed at the apple of his son's head.
31,40

scheme [noun]
plan. idea, project

Associated:   scheme (verb)
31,20

legislation [noun]
governmental rule; law

Associated:   legislate (verb); legislator (noun)
31,20

encounter [verb]
to meet or experience

Associated:   encounter (noun)
31,20

gap [noun]
space, opening or time between

31,00

decade [noun]
a period of ten years

30,80

preliminary [adjective]
first; initial

30,60

insight [noun]
understanding (often of a complex problem)

30,60

domestic [adjective]
home

Associated:   domesticity (noun)
30,60

atmosphere [noun]
mood among people or groups

Note:   Another common meaning of atmosphere is the layer of air above the earth, as in The atmosphere around the Olympic stadium was very polluted.
30,40

interior [noun]
inside

Associated:   interior (adjective)
Antonym: exterior

30,20

distinct [adjective]
clear and strong

Associated:   distinctly (adverb)
30,00

compensation [noun]
money (or some other reward) given to someone who has suffered a loss or injustice

Associated:   compensate (verb)
30,00

rare [adjective]
unusual

Associated:   rarity (noun); rarely (adverb)
Antonym: frequent, common

30,00

correspond [verb]
to be related to

Associated:   correspondence (noun)
29,80

hence [adverb]
so, therefore

29,80

attach [verb]
to put together with

Associated:   attachment (noun)
Antonym: detach

29,60

exact [adjective]
precise, opposite of approximate

Associated:   exactly (adverb); exactness (noun)
Antonym: rough

29,60

worth [preposition]
useful; having a point or purpose

Note:   Another common meaning of *worth is having a (money) value , as in This painting is *worth more money than I earn in a year.
29,50

route [noun]
the way to get to a place or a thing

Note:   Americans pronounce route to rhyme with out.Britons pronounce route to rhyme with boot.
29,20

profession [noun]
job; occupation

Associated:   professional (adjective)
29,20

willing [adjective]
happy or prepared to do something

Associated:   willingness (noun); willingly (adverb)
Antonym: unwilling, reluctant

29,10

layer [noun]
level

29,00

guarantee [noun]
to promise or assure that something will or will not happen

Associated:   guarantee (verb)
Note:   All electrical products come with a guarantee that they will be replaced if they break in the first year.
29,00

despite [preposition]
although

Note:   A synonym for despite is in spite of, as in There were many demonstrators on the streets in spite of the freezing rain.
28,90

possess [verb]
to have or own

Associated:   possession (noun); possessor (noun)
28,90

formula [noun]
a method of doing something

Note:   Some people use the plural formulae ; others formulas.
28,80

acknowledge [verb]
to agree with; admit to; give credit to

Associated:   acknowledgement (noun)
28,80

distribute [verb]
to give out

Associated:   distribution (noun)
28,80

insert [verb]
to put in

Associated:   insertion (noun)
Antonym: remove

28,70

suffer [verb]
to experience something bad or painful

Associated:   suffering (noun)
28,70

hypothesis [noun]
idea or prediction

Associated:   hypothesize (verb)
28,60

severe [adjective]
serious, harsh

Associated:   severity (noun); severely (adverb)
Antonym: mild

28,40

mobile [adjective]
moving; able to move

Associated:   mobility (noun)
Antonym: immobile

28,40

delay [noun]
lateness

Associated:   delay (verb)
28,40

revolution [noun]
(a time of) great change

Associated:   revolt (verb)
28,40

survive [verb]
to not die

Associated:   survival (noun); survivor (noun)
28,30

behalf [noun]
as a representative of; for the benefit of

Note:   Behalf must be preceded by the word on, as in on her behalf or on behalf of the teachers
28,20

ignore [verb]
to take no notice of; to leave out (of consideration)

28,20

advocate [verb]
to speak or write on behalf of someone or something

Associated:   advocacy (noun); advocate (noun)
Note:   A lawyer who defends someone in court is sometimes called an advocate (= barrister in British courts).
28,20

adequate [adjective]
(good) enough; ok

Associated:   adequately (adverb); adequacy (adverb)
Antonym: inadequate

28,20

announce [verb]
to state (often in an official way)

Associated:   announcement (noun); announcer (noun)
28,10

duty [noun]
responsibility, or job that you are required to do

28,00

furthermore [adverb]
also, in addition

28,00

greatly [adverb]
very much

28,00

belief [noun]
what you think; what you believe in

Associated:   believe (verb)
28,00

largely [adverb]
mostly

27,90

attract [verb]
to be interesting; to cause to like

Associated:   attraction (noun)
Antonym: repel

Note:   Attract is what two magnets do when the negative pole of one approaches the positive pole of the other.
27,70

notion [noun]
idea; concept

27,60

doubt [noun]
a feeling of uncertainty (whether something is true)

Associated:   doubt (verb)
27,60

afford [verb]
to be able to pay for something

Note:   Afford can have a more general meaning , as in There is only one month until the exam. You cannot afford to take it easy.
27,50

capable [adjective]
able

Associated:   capability (noun); capably (adverb)
Antonym: incapable

27,40

stable [adjective]
not changing; not easy to change

Associated:   stability (noun)
Antonym: unstable

Note:   Another common meaning of stable is building for horses, as in She left the stable door open and the horses escaped.
27,40

optional [adjective]
not necessary or compulsory; can do it if you want

Associated:   option (noun); optionally (adverb)
Antonym: compulsory

Note:   An option is a choice , as in You have two options: you can be quiet or you can leave the room.
27,40

comply [verb]
to do what someone asks or orders

Associated:   compliance (noun)
27,30

obvious [adjective]
clear, evident

Associated:   obviously (adverb)
27,20

classic [adjective]
very good, the best or most used

27,20

quantity [noun]
amount

Associated:   quantitative (adjective); quantify (verb)
27,20

belong [verb]
to be part of something or owned by someone

Associated:   belonging (noun)
27,20

imply [verb]
to mean; to give to understand

Associated:   implication (noun)
27,20

custom [noun]
a habit (often particular to a culture)

Associated:   customary (adjective); accustomed (adjective)
27,00

trend [noun]
pattern of continuing behaviour

26,80

moreover [adverb]
also .., what is more ..

26,70

ancient [adjective]
very old

Associated:  
Antonym: modern

26,60

citizen [noun]
person (member of a country)

Associated:   citizenship (noun)
26,60

revenue [noun]
money, income

26,40

boundary [noun]
limit, extent

26,40

import [verb]
to bring in (to a country)

Associated:   import (noun)
Antonym: export

Note:   In the noun import the first syllable is stressed. In the verb import the second syllable is stressed. The same applies to export.
26,20

magnitude [noun]
size; amount

26,20

fairly [adverb]
quite, somewhat

Associated:   fair (adjective)
26,20

ideal [adjective]
best, optimal

Associated:   ideally (adverb); ideal (noun)
26,10

assure [verb]
to make sure; to say that something will certainly happen

Associated:   assurance (noun)
26,10

derive [verb]
to come from or get from

Associated:   derivation (noun)
25,90

restrict [verb]
to limit

Associated:   restriction (noun); restricted (adjective)
25,80

battle [noun]
fight, part of a war

Associated:   battle (verb)
25,80

commit [verb]
to do (often an offense)

Note:   Another common meaning of commit is to make a commitment to, as in Mary was not ready to marry and commit herself to John for the rest of her life.
25,70

invest [verb]
to put money into something

Associated:   investment (noun); investor (noun)
25,60

bond [noun]
link; tie

Associated:   bond (verb)
25,60

approve [verb]
to agree to

Associated:   approval (noun)
Antonym: disapprove

25,60

diagnosis [noun]
assessment of a situation (particularly of a problem)

Associated:   diagnose (verb)
25,40

harm [verb]
to damage or injure

Associated:   harm (noun); harmful (adjective)
25,30

adapt [verb]
to change (often in response to a changed situation)

Associated:   adaptation (noun)
25,20

neither [conjuntion]
not one or the other; not either

Note:   Neither has various functions. It can be used as a pronoun, adjective, conjunction or adverb. In example sentence 1 and 3 above neither is a pronoun; in 2 and 4 it is a conjunction.
25,10

expense [noun]
cost

Associated:   expensive (adjective)
Note:   The verb expend has a similar meaning to spend. You can expend time, energy, money, etc.
25,00

elect [verb]
to choose by voting

Associated:   election (noun)
Note:   An elective is a subject that the student can choose to take if he or she wishes. It is not compulsory.
25,00

flexible [adjective]
can be changed or bent

Associated:   flexibility (noun)
Antonym: inflexible, rigid

25,00

phrase [noun]
a few words; a written or spoken saying

Associated:   phrase (verb)
25,00

temporary [adjective]
for a short or limited time

Associated:   temporarily (adverb)
Antonym: permanent

Note:   A temp (= temporary) is someone who has a job for only a short time.
24,80

advise [verb]
to say what someone should do; to give advice

Associated:   advice (noun); adviser (noun)
Note:   Adviser can also be spelled advisor
24,40

journey [noun]
a long trip to a different place

Associated:   journey (verb)
24,40

uniform [adjective]
having the same qualities

Associated:   uniformity (noun)
24,30

ultimate [adjective]
final or most important

Associated:   ultimatum (noun); ultimately (adverb)
24,30

suitable [adjective]
good for a particular job or purpose

Associated:   suitability (noun); suit (verb)
24,20

admit [verb]
to allow to enter

Associated:   admittance (noun); admission (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of admit is to accept guilt or responsibility , as in She admitted plagiarzing her report.
24,10

automatic [adjective]
happening by itself; happening naturally or usually

Associated:   automatically (adverb)
23,80

considerable [adjective]
very big; very much

Associated:   considerably (adverb)
23,70

vital [adjective]
very important

Associated:   vitally (adjective)
23,60

interval [noun]
a period of time

23,60

identical [adjective]
exactly the same

23,40

emerge [verb]
to come out; to become known

Associated:   emergence (noun)
23,40

retreat [verb]
to go back

Associated:   retreat (noun)
Antonym: advance

23,40

symbol [noun]
a picture; the representation of an idea

Associated:   symbolize (verb)
23,20

apparent [adjective]
clear; obvious

Note:   Apparently means it seems, it appears; it is said, as in Apparently she has left her husband.
23,20

crucial [adjective]
extremely important

Associated:   crucially (adverb)
23,10

phenomenon [noun]
a happening (often unusual or unexpected)

Note:   The plural of phenomenon is phenomena.
23,00

reliable [adjective]
can be trusted, does not let you down

Associated:   reliability (noun)
Antonym: unreliable

23,00

substitute [noun]
a thing or person to take the place of another

Associated:   substitute (verb)
22,80

justify [verb]
to give a reason for doing something

Associated:   justification (noun)
22,80

victory [noun]
win

Associated:   victor (noun); victorious (adjective)
Antonym: defeat

22,80

attitude [noun]
what someone thinks about something (and how their behaviour is influenced by their thinking)

22,80

bias [noun]
favouring one more than another, prejudice

Associated:   bias (verb); biased(adjective)
22,60

struggle [noun]
a fight, a difficult situation to be overcome

Associated:   struggle (verb)
22,60

consequence [noun]
result

Associated:   consequent (adjective); consequently (adverb)
22,60

simultaneously [adverb]
at the same time

Associated:   simultaneous (adjective)
22,50

recover [verb]
to get back

Associated:   recovery (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of recover is to get better from an illness, as in She has not yet recovered from the fever she caught last year.
22,40

collaborate [verb]
to work together

Associated:   collaboration (noun)
22,30

denote [verb]
to mean; to be a sign of

Associated:   denotation (verb)
22,30

clarify [verb]
to make something clear, explain

Associated:   clarification (noun); clarity (noun)
22,30

sustain [verb]
to keep going; to maintain

Associated:   sustenance (noun); sustainable(adjective); sustainability (noun)
22,20

superior [adjective]
better

Associated:   superiority (noun)
Antonym: inferior

Note:   Your superior (noun) is your boss.
22,20

suspect [verb]
to believe

Note:   A suspect (noun) is a person who is believed to have committed a crime, as in Mr X. is a suspect in the current murder case. From this meaning the words suspicion, suspicious are derived.
22,20

apart [adjective]
not together, separate

Associated:  
Antonym: together

Note:   Another common meaning of apart is in the expression apart from meaning except for, as in Everyone was there apart from me!
22,20

trace [noun]
sign; indication; evidence

Associated:   trace (verb)
Note:   To trace something is to describe the development of something. It also means to look for, as in The police are desperately trying to trace the missing child.
22,00

proportion [noun]
amount; number; percentage

Associated:   proportional (adjective); proportionately (adverb)
22,00

counsel [noun]
advice; advisor

Associated:   counsel (verb); counselor (noun)
21,80

restore [verb]
to put back, create again

Associated:   restoration (noun)
21,60

collapse [verb]
to fall down completely and heavily; to fail

Associated:   collapse (noun)
21,40

frequent [adjective]
often

Associated:   frequency (noun); frequently (adverb)
Antonym: infrequent

21,30

defend [verb]
to give reasons for

Associated:   defence (noun)
Antonym: attack

Note:   Defence is spelled defense in American English (and stressed on the first syllable).
21,30

logical [adjective]
making sense

Associated:   logic (noun); logically (adverb)
Antonym: illogical

21,20

overlap [verb]
to have in common; to cover part of

Associated:   overlap (noun)
21,20

merely [adverb]
only, just, simply

Associated:   mere (adjective)
21,00

incident [noun]
happening; event

21,00

thereby [adverb]
by doing this

Note:   The adverb *thereby corresponds to the conjunction whereby. The first example sentence below could be rewritten, as She said sorry to the teacher whereby she avoided a detention.
20,80

reward [verb]
to give something (e.g. a prize) for good work or behaviour

Associated:   reward (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of reward (noun) is money given for help in solving a crime, as in The police are offering a reward of $10,000 for information in connection with the disappearance of .. .
20,70

passage [noun]
a piece of written or spoken text

20,60

diagram [noun]
a type of picture or chart

20,60

strain [verb]
to put under stress or make difficult

Associated:   strain (noun)
20,50

impose [verb]
to force; to require to happen

Associated:   imposition (noun)
20,30

destroy [verb]
to break or damage completely

Associated:   destruction (noun)
20,30

contrary [noun]
opposite

Associated:   contrary (adjective)
Note:   A useful expression is on the contrary as in I thought you didn't like German food. - On the contrary. I think it's delicious.
20,20

explicit [adjective]
clearly and openly expressed

Associated:   explicitness (noun); explicitly (adverb)
Antonym: implicit

20,10

strive [verb]
to work or try hard

Associated:   striving (noun)
20,00

pure [adjective]
complete, 100%

Associated:   purely (adverb); purity (noun)
20,00

anticipate [verb]
to expect

Associated:   anticipation (noun)
20,00

withdraw [verb]
to go back or take away

Associated:   withdrawal (noun)
20,00

characteristic [adjective]
typical

Associated:   characteristic (noun)
Antonym: uncharacteristic

19,80

vast [adjective]
very large

Associated:   vastly (adverb); vastness (noun)
Antonym: small

19,80

penalty [noun]
negative consequence; punishment

Associated:   penalize (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of penalty is from football, as in Ronaldo missed the penalty.
19,80

roughly [adverb]
about, approximately

Associated:   rough (adjective)
Antonym: exactly

Note:   Another common meaning of rough is not smooth, as in We had a very roughflight to New York.
19,80

cancel [verb]
to cut or stop from happening

Associated:   cancellation (noun)
19,70

entity [noun]
thing; body; organization

19,70

asset [noun]
advantage

Note:   Another common meaning of asset is the things that belong to you, as in If you are so short of money, you should sell some of your assets.
19,70

reject [verb]
to refuse

Associated:   rejection (noun)
Antonym: accept

19,50

accompany [verb]
to go with someone or something; to exist together

Associated:   accompaniment (noun)
19,30

enforce [verb]
to make something happen (particularly a law or regulation)

Associated:   enforcement (noun)
19,30

liberty [noun]
freedom

Associated:   liberate (verb)
19,20

stimulate [verb]
to interest, make grow or encourage

Associated:   stimulation (noun); stimulating (adjective)
19,00

bulk [noun]
majority; largest part

19,00

virtually [adverb]
almost

Associated:   virtual (adjective)
18,90

precise [adjective]
exact

Associated:   precisely (adverb); precision (noun)
Antonym: imprecise

18,90

wise [adjective]
intelligent; sensible

Associated:   wisdom (noun)
Antonym: unwise, foolish

18,90

disaster [noun]
a huge problem or failure

Associated:   disastrous (adjective)
18,80

ordinary [adjective]
usual, typical, every day

Associated:   ordinarily (adverb)
Antonym: extraordinary

18,80

naturally [adverb]
of course, obviously

Associated:   natural (adjective)
Note:   Another common meaning of naturally is in a natural way , as in Some illnesses heal naturally without advice or medicine from a doctor.
18,80

govern [verb]
to control or influence

Associated:   government (noun); governor (noun)
18,70

nevertheless [adverb]
however (although / despite that)

Note:   A close, but less common, synonym of nevertheless is nonetheless.
18,60

whereas [conjuntion]
.. in contrast

Note:   An synonym for whereas is whilst, as in I like coffee whilst my husband prefers tea.
18,50

moderate [adjective]
not very much; not very strong; not extreme

Associated:   moderately (adverb); moderation (noun)
18,40

convey [verb]
to pass on to another person (often by speaking)

18,30

regulate [verb]
to control

Associated:   regulation (noun)
18,20

discrete [adjective]
separate

18,00

prime [adjective]
most important

Associated:   primarily (adverb)
Note:   A close synonym of prime is primary, as in Passing this test is my primary concern.
18,00

hierarchy [noun]
organizational structure (e.g. showing who works for whom)

Associated:   hierarchical (adjective)
18,00

deny [verb]
to refuse ( responsibility for doing or saying something); to say that something is not correct

Associated:   denial (noun)
17,80

artificial [adjective]
not real or natural

Associated:   artificially (adverb)
Antonym: real

17,80

adjacent [adjective]
next to

Note:   In sentences 2 and 4 below adjacent is being used as an adjective; in sentences 1 and 3 it is used as a preposition and must be followed by the word to.
17,80

exclude [verb]
to leave out; opposite of include

Associated:   exclusion (noun)
Antonym: include

17,70

smooth [adjective]
easy, unproblematic

Associated:   smoothly (adverb)
17,70

exploit [verb]
to use (sometimes in a negative way)

Associated:   exploitation (noun)
17,60

comprise [verb]
to be made up of; to include

17,50

compile [verb]
to put together (often in a list

Associated:   compilation (noun)
17,40

induce [verb]
to make happen; to force

Associated:   induction (noun)
17,30

praise [verb]
to express approval about something someone has done

Associated:   praise (noun)
17,20

occasionally [adverb]
sometimes

Associated:   occasional (adjective)
17,20

evolve [verb]
to develop (into something better)

Associated:   evolution (noun)
Note:   Charles Darwin is associated with the theory of evolution .
17,10

interfere [verb]
to prevent; to harm

Associated:   interference (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of interfere is to involve oneself in a situation where one's involvement is unwanted, as in Please don't interfere. It's none of your business!
17,00

mixture [noun]
combination

Associated:   mix (verb)
16,90

undertake [verb]
to (plan to) do

Associated:   undertaking (noun)
16,90

revise [verb]
to change (in order to improve)

Associated:   revision (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of revision (for British students) is the work done in preparation for exams, as in Sorry, I can't play tennis today. I haven't finished my revision.
16,90

margin [noun]
amount; distance

Note:   The margin of a piece of paper is the 2-3 centimeter strip down the left or right side of the paper. Teachers like to write comments in the margin of students' written work.
16,80

accordingly [adverb]
appropriate to; in compliance with

16,80

attain [verb]
to get, achieve

Associated:   attainment (noun)
16,70

refuse [verb]
to not do something that someone wants you to do

Associated:   refusal (noun)
Antonym: agree, comply

16,60

behave [verb]
to act or do things in a certain way

Associated:   behaviour (noun)
16,60

formulate [verb]
to express

Associated:   formulation (noun)
16,50

fault [noun]
responsibility for a mistake or other problem

Associated:   fault (verb)
Note:   Another common meaning of fault is mistake, defect , as in There's a fault in this computer code, but I just can't find it.
16,50

obligation [noun]
a requirement to do something

Associated:   oblige (verb); obliged (adjective)
16,50

evident [adjective]
clear

Associated:   evidently (adverb)
16,50

arbitrary [adjective]
not planned or thought-out; not considering the wishes of others

Associated:   arbitrarily (adverb)
16,40

royal [adjective]
of kings and queens

Associated:   royalty (noun)
16,40

absent [adjective]
being not there; missing

Associated:   absence (noun)
Antonym: present

16,40

trigger [verb]
to (cause to) start

Associated:   trigger (noun)
Note:   The trigger (noun) of a gun the small metal lever that is pulled to fire the bullet.
16,10

adhere [verb]
to keep to; to follow

Associated:   adherence (noun)
16,00

react [verb]
to respond

Associated:   reaction (noun)
16,00

plenty [noun]
many, lots of

Associated:   plentiful (adjective)
15,90

intention [noun]
plan, aim

Associated:   intend (verb)
15,90

expose [verb]
to uncover, reveal

Associated:   exposure (noun)
Antonym: conceal

15,90

constraint [noun]
to hold back; to prevent

Associated:   constrain (verb)
15,70

enlarge [verb]
to make larger

Associated:   enlargement (noun)
Antonym: reduce

15,70

occasion [noun]
time (opportunity)

15,60

anonymous [adjective]
having no name or known author

Associated:   anonymity (noun)
15,60

settle [verb]
to solve a problem or dispute

Associated:   settlement (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of settle is to remain in a place, as in We like Germany and have decided to settle here.
15,60

attribute [noun]
characteristic; property

Note:   As a noun attribute is stressed on the first syllable. The word also exists as a verb (stressed on the second syllable) and means to say who or what you think is the cause of something, as in I attribute his poor behaviour to current problems at home.
15,60

extract [noun]
to remove; to take out and use

Associated:   extraction (noun); extract (noun)
Note:   An extract is part of a text, as in Please read the extract on page 22 as homework.
15,50

perceive [verb]
to see; to become aware of with one of the senses; to think

Associated:   perception (noun)
15,50

compatible [adjective]
able to work with someone or something else

Associated:   compatibility (noun)
Antonym: incompatible

15,40

protest [verb]
to express anger or unhappiness about something

Associated:   protest (noun); protestor (noun)
15,40

absolutely [adverb]
completely; 100%

Associated:   absolute (adjective)
15,40

namely [adverb]
specifically, that is to say ( .. used to list or explain)

15,30

incentive [noun]
reason to do something

15,30

satisfactory [adjective]
OK; enough

Associated:   satisfaction (noun); satisfy (verb)
Antonym: unsatisfactory

15,30

transmit [verb]
to send or convey

Associated:   transmission (noun)
15,00

verbal [adjective]
to do with words and language (especially the spoken language)

Associated:   verbally (adverb)
15,00

conform [verb]
to do what is required

Associated:   conformity (noun)
15,00

violate [verb]
to spoil or break

Associated:   violation (noun)
15,00

undergo [verb]
to receive or experience

14,80

motivate [verb]
to get someone interested enough to do something

Associated:   motivation (noun)
14,80

widespread [adjective]
common

14,80

extraordinary [adjective]
very unusual

Associated:   extraordinarily (adverb)
Antonym: ordinary

Note:   Extraordinarily (adverb) means extremely, as in He's extraordinarily good at chess.
14,80

negotiate [verb]
to discuss (usually in politics or business)

Associated:   negotiation (noun); negotiator (noun)
14,80

resist [verb]
to fight against

Associated:   resistance (noun)
14,80

manipulate [verb]
to (use and) change

Associated:   manipulation (noun)
14,70

inherent [adjective]
part of; a fundamental characteristic of

Associated:   inherently (adverb)
14,70

massive [adjective]
very large

Associated:   massively (adverb)
14,70

intense [adjective]
strong, extreme

Associated:   intensely (adverb); intensity (noun)
14,60

align [verb]
to bring into line with; to make similar

Associated:   alignment (noun)
14,60

territory [noun]
land; area (of interest)

14,60

dispute [noun]
argument; conflict

Associated:   dispute (verb)
14,60

rational [adjective]
base on reason, not on emotion or instinct

Associated:   rationale (noun); rationally (adverb)
Antonym: irrational

14,50

criterion [noun]
a way to judge the value or importance of something

Note:   The plural of criterion is criteria.
14,50

blame [verb]
to accuse

Associated:   blame (noun)
14,30

controversy [noun]
an issue on which their are strong and conflicting opinions

Associated:   controversial (adjective)
14,20

dramatically [adverb]
very strongly, significantly

Associated:   dramatic (adjective)
14,20

owe [verb]
to be in someone's debt (especially money)

14,10

voluntary [adjective]
done freely; from personal choice

Associated:   volunteer (noun); volunteer (verb); voluntarily (adverb)obligatory
Antonym: obligatory, compulsory

14,00

reinforce [verb]
to make something stronger

Associated:   reinforcement (noun)
14,00

dominate [verb]
to be much better, to play the most important part

Associated:   domination (noun); dominant (adjective)
13,90

instant [adjective]
immediate

Associated:   instantly (adverb)
13,80

depart [verb]
to leave; to be different from

Associated:   departure (noun)
Antonym: arrive

13,80

deserve [verb]
to have the right to something

Associated:   deserving (adjective)
13,70

steady [adjective]
gradual; without interruptions; firm

Associated:   steadily (adverb)
13,70

thorough [adjective]
complete and careful

Associated:   thoroughness (noun); thoroughly (adverb)
Antonym: superficial

13,70

manufacture [verb]
to produce (with machines)

Associated:   manufacture (noun); manufacturer (noun)
13,60

ban [verb]
to prohibit or forbid

Associated:   ban (noun)
Antonym: permit

13,60

sole [adjective]
only

Associated:   solely (adverb)
13,50

definitely [adverb]
certainly; without doubt

Associated:   definite (adjective)
13,30

neutral [adjective]
neither for nor against; neither positive nor negative

Associated:   neutrality (noun)
13,30

privilege [noun]
a right (to do something)

13,30

strict [adjective]
hard, not changeable

Associated:   strictness (noun)
Antonym: lenient

13,10

differentiate [verb]
to make different; to see the difference

Associated:   differentiation (noun)
13,10

prospect [noun]
chance, likelihood

13,10

forecast [noun]
prediction

Associated:   forecast (verb)
13,00

terminate [verb]
to finish or stop

Associated:   termination (noun)
Antonym: commence

Note:   A terminal is the last stop of a bus or train, as in Kings Cross is a large terminal in North London.
13,00

sphere [noun]
area of interest

Note:   Another common meaning of sphere is ball, as in The earth is a sphere.
13,00

classify [verb]
to put into a category or class

Associated:   classification (noun)
13,00

convince [verb]
to (try and) get someone to believe something

Associated:   conviction (noun); convincing (adjective)
Note:   A conviction is a strong belief , as in It is my conviction that Bush knew Hussaein did not have chemical weapons.
12,90

multiply [verb]
to increase greatly

Associated:   multiplication (noun)
12,90

enormous [adjective]
very big

Associated:   enormity (noun); enormously (adverb)
Antonym: tiny

12,90

tough [adjective]
difficult, strong

Associated:   toughness (noun)
12,80

consume [verb]
to use, or use up

Associated:   consumption (noun); consumer (noun)
12,80

feasible [adjective]
possible

Associated:   feasibility (noun)
Antonym: unfeasible, infeasible

12,70

debt [noun]
something owed to another person (often money)

Note:   The b in debt is silent. The word is pronounced det.
12,60

forthcoming [adjective]
coming soon

12,60

bold [adjective]
brave

Associated:   boldly (adverb); boldness (noun)
Antonym: cautious

Note:   When you make typed writing bold you make it darker.
12,50

occupy [verb]
to up space or time

Associated:   occupation (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of occupation is job, as in Banking is a popular occupation because you can earn a lot of money.
12,50

radical [adjective]
extreme, strong

Associated:   radically (adverb)
12,30

allocate [verb]
to give to (to promise to give)

Associated:   allocation (noun)
12,20

province [noun]
area (of interest

12,20

assert [verb]
to claim, to say strongly

Associated:   assertion (noun)
12,10

gradually [adverb]
slowly; steadily

Associated:   gradual (adjective)
Antonym: quickly

12,10

manifest [verb]
show

Associated:   manifestation (noun)
12,10

besides [preposition]
in addition to; as well as

Note:   Do not confuse this word with beside which means next to , as in I live beside the school.
12,00

odd [adjective]
strange, unusual

Associated:   oddly (adverb); oddity (noun)
Note:   1, 3, 5, 7, 9 .. are odd numbers. 2, 4, 6, 8 .. are even.
12,00

confront [verb]
to deal with someone or something (often a problem or unpleasant situation)

Associated:   confrontation (noun)
11,90

slight [adjective]
small

Associated:   slightly (adverb)
Antonym: considerable

11,60

cooperate [verb]
to work (well) with another person

Associated:   cooperation (noun)
11,50

infer [verb]
to come to a conclusion about something

Associated:   inference (noun)
11,50

dimension [noun]
importance; amount

Note:   Another common meaning of dimension is measurement . So a piece of paper is a two-dimensional object and a box is a three-dimensional (3D) object.
11,50

assemble [verb]
to get, put or bring together

Associated:   assembly (noun)
11,30

inquire [verb]
to ask

Associated:   inquiry (noun)
Note:   This word is sometimes spelled enquire (enquiry) .
11,20

accumulate [verb]
to grow; to gather together

Associated:   accumulation (noun)
11,20

devote [verb]
to give (time) to

Associated:   devotion (noun); devoted (adjective)
11,10

hesitate [verb]
to pause before saying or doing something

Associated:   hesitation (noun)
11,00

straightforward [adjective]
easy

Associated:  
Antonym: difficult

11,00

prompt [adjective]
quick; on or before time

Associated:   promptly (adverb); promptness (noun)
10,90

supervise [verb]
to control; to watch over people doing something

Associated:   supervision (noun); supervisor (noun)
10,90

legitimate [adjective]
correct; allowed

Associated:   legitimately (adjective)
Antonym: illegitimate

Note:   An illegitimate child is one born to parents who are not married.
10,90

persist [verb]
to continue (often in the face of difficulty)

Associated:   persistence (noun)
10,80

hardly [adverb]
not very much

Note:   A synonym is barely .
10,80

appoint [verb]
to give a job to someone

Associated:   appointment (noun)
Antonym: dismiss

Note:   Another common meaning of appointment is an arranged time to see someone, as in I have an appointment to see the doctor at 9:30.
10,80

rotate [verb]
to turn or move (around)

Associated:   rotation (noun)
10,60

passive [adjective]
not active; unresponsive

Associated:  
Antonym: active

10,40

cease [verb]
to stop

Associated:   cessation (noun)
Note:   A ceasefire is an agreement to stop fighting
10,40

episode [noun]
period of time

10,40

accelerate [verb]
to get or make faster

Associated:   acceleration (noun)
Antonym: decelerate

10,30

loose [adjective]
not firm or finished

Associated:   loosely (adverb)
Antonym: firm, tight

10,30

drain [verb]
to take away; to get rid of

Associated:   drain (noun)
Note:   A drain on the street is the metal object where the rain water disappears.
10,20

threaten [verb]
to warn or show signs of danger

Associated:   threat (noun); threatening (adjective)
Note:   If you threaten someone you say you will harm them in some way, as in She threatened to hit me if I didn't give her my iPod.
10,20

absorb [verb]
to take in; to take up

Associated:   absorption (noun)
Note:   Note how the b of the verb changes to a p in the noun.
10,20

confident [adjective]
sure that something will happen

Associated:   confidence (noun); confidently (adverb)
Note:   Self-confidence is feeling good about yourself.
10,20

profound [adjective]
deep; great; serious

Associated:   profundity (noun); profoundly (adverb)
10,20

habit [noun]
something you do regularly

Associated:   habitual (adjective); habitually (adverb)
10,20

inhibit [verb]
to prevent or stop

Associated:   inhibition (noun)
10,10

isolate [verb]
to separate something or someone from others

Associated:   isolation (noun)
10,00

commodity [noun]
a product; something you can buy

9,90

conscious [adjective]
aware, knowing

Associated:   consciously (adverb); consciousness (noun)
Antonym: unconscious

Note:   When someone is knocked out this means that they are unconscious. You are unconscious when you are asleep.
9,90

defeat [noun]
a loss (often in a battle or sports event)

Associated:   defeat (verb)
Antonym: victory

9,80

fare [verb]
to do or succeed

Note:   The noun fare means 1. food and 2. the money you must pay to travel by bus or train
9,70

tolerate [verb]
to allow to happen; to bear

Associated:   tolerance(noun); tolerant (adjective)
9,70

remedy [noun]
cure (often for an illness)

Associated:   remedy (verb); remedial(adjective)
9,70

prohibit [verb]
to ban, disallow

Associated:   prohibition (noun)
Antonym: permit

9,70

retire [verb]
to stop working

Associated:   retirement (noun)
9,60

dense [adjective]
thick; full; detailed

Associated:   density (noun)
9,60

apparatus [noun]
equipment; things you need to do a job

9,50

subtle [adjective]
not clear or strong

Associated:   subtlety (noun)
9,40

competent [adjective]
good at something (often a job)

Associated:   competence (noun); competently (adverb)
Antonym: incompetent

9,30

suppress [verb]
to hold back; to not allow to happen

Associated:   suppression (noun)
9,30

inspect [verb]
to look at carefully

Associated:   inspection (noun); inspector (noun)
9,20

insist [verb]
to demand; to make a strong claim

Associated:   insistence (noun)
9,10

programme [noun]
a course of lessons; a project

Note:   A television programme is a single broadcast item, such as The Simspons. ( Programme is spelled program in American English.)
9,10

abandon [verb]
to leave or give up

Associated:   abandonment (noun)
9,00

implication [noun]
result or consequence

9,00

infinite [adjective]
without an end

Associated:   infinity (noun); infinitely (adverb)
Antonym: finite

8,90

surplus [noun]
an amount that is more than needed or expected

Associated:  
Antonym: shortage

8,90

neglect [verb]
to not think about or care for

Associated:   neglect (noun); negligent (adjective)
8,80

oppose [verb]
to be against or fight against something

Associated:   opposition (noun)
Antonym: favour

8,80

indirectly [adverb]
in a indirect way; not straight or immediate

Associated:  
Antonym: directly

8,80

trivial [adjective]
not important

Associated:   triviality (noun)
8,80

declare [verb]
to state

Associated:   declaration (noun)
8,70

amend [verb]
to change (usually to improve something)

Associated:   amendment (noun)
8,60

convenient [adjective]
easy, not causing problems

Associated:   convenience (noun); conveniently (adverb)
Antonym: inconvenient

Note:   In Britain a public convenience is public toilet .
8,50

omit [verb]
to leave something out or not do something

Associated:   omission (noun)
8,50

devise [verb]
to create or think up

Associated:   device (noun)
8,40

concise [adjective]
short, not detailed

Associated:   concisely (adverb); conciseness (noun)
Antonym: verbose

8,40

genuine [adjective]
real and authentic

Associated:   genuinely (adverb)
Antonym: fake

8,30

shortage [noun]
lack; an amount which is less than needed

Associated:  
Antonym: surplus

8,30

intrinsic [adjective]
belonging to; inherent in

Associated:  
Antonym: extrinsic

8,20

obey [verb]
to do as commanded or expected

Associated:   obedience (noun)
Antonym: disobey

8,20

abundant [adjective]
existing in large quantities

Associated:   abundance (noun)
Antonym: scarce

8,20

comprehend [verb]
to understand

Associated:   comprehension (noun)
8,20

diminish [verb]
to get smaller or less important

Associated:   diminution (noun)
8,10

persuade [verb]
to try and make someone do something or agree to something

Associated:   persuasion (noun); persuasive (adjective)
8,10

elaborate [adjective]
detailed; complex

Associated:   elaborately (adverb); elaboration (noun); elaborate (verb)
Note:   When elaborate is used as a verb, its second and last syllables are sounded strongly. When it is used as an adjective, only its second syllable is sounded strongly.
8,10

surround [verb]
to be, go or make all the way around

Associated:   surroundings (noun)
8,00

abnormal [adjective]
not normal, unusual

Associated:   abnormality (noun)
Antonym: normal

7,90

fragment [noun]
part of something

Associated:   fragment (verb); fragmentary (adjective)
7,90

warn [verb]
to notify (of possible danger)

Associated:   warning (noun)
7,90

subjective [adjective]
based on personal opinion or feeling

Associated:   subjectivity (noun); subjectively (adverb)
Antonym: objective

7,90

regret [verb]
to feel sorry (for doing or saying something)

Associated:   regret (noun)
7,70

unite [verb]
to bring or get together

Associated:   union(noun); unity (noun)
7,70

probable [adjective]
likely

Associated:   probably (adverb); probability (noun)
Antonym: improbable

7,60

disrupt [verb]
to interrupt an event; to damage

Associated:   disruption (noun); disruptive (adjective)
7,60

rigid [adjective]
strict, unbending

Associated:   rigidity (noun); rigidly (adverb)
Antonym: flexible

7,60

dismiss [verb]
to reject, to treat as unimportant

Associated:   dismissal (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of dismiss is to fire an employee, as in The company was losing money and had to dismiss 20% of its workforce..
7,60

prejudice [noun]
bias, discrimination, beliefs or feelings influenced by one's own background

Associated:   prejudice (verb); prejudiced (adjective)
7,60

dictate [verb]
to tell someone what to do

Associated:   dictator (noun); dictation (noun)
Note:   When a boss dictates to her secretary, the secretary writes down what the boss says (e.g. a letter).
7,60

override [verb]
to take precedence over; to disregard

7,40

prevail [verb]
to succeed; to overcome

7,40

halt [verb]
to stop

Associated:   halt (noun)
7,40

exert [verb]
to use

Note:   Another common meaning of exert is to make an effort (noun; exertion), as in She never seems to exert herself, but she always gets good grades.
7,40

interrupt [verb]
to stop something from happening

Associated:   interruption (noun)
7,40

inevitable [adjective]
cannot be changed or avoided; obvious

Associated:   inevitably (adverb); inevitability (noun)
Note:   There is no opposite word evitable .
7,30

conserve [verb]
to preserve; to not use

Associated:   conservation (noun)
7,20

conversely [adverb]
opposite to what was just said; on the other hand

Associated:   converse (adjective)
7,20

urgent [adjective]
very important, must be done immediately

Associated:   urgency (noun); urgently (adverb)
7,20

ignorance [noun]
lack of knowledge

Associated:   ignorant (adjective)
Antonym: knowledge

7,10

fortunate [adjective]
lucky

Associated:   fortune (noun); fortunately (adverb)
Antonym: unfortunate

7,10

authentic [adjective]
real, genuine; not made-up or artificial

Associated:   authenticity (noun)
Antonym: inauthentic

7,10

supplementary [adjective]
extra; additional

Associated:   supplement (noun); supplement (verb)
7,10

migrate [verb]
to go to another place

Associated:   migrant (noun); migration (noun)
Note:   Migrate is the basis of common words such as immigrate (come into a country) / immigrant / immigration - emigrate (leave a country) / emigrant / emigration.
7,10

dispose [verb]
to get rid of

Associated:   disposal (noun)
Note:   Dispose does not take a direct object. It must be dispose of
7,00

suspend [verb]
to stop (often for a short time only)

Associated:   suspension (noun)
7,00

predominantly [adverb]
mostly

Associated:   predominant (adjective)
6,90

liable [adjective]
likely to happen; at risk of happening

Note:   Liable / liability also mean legally responsible / legal responsibility , as in If a car breaks down in its first few months, the car dealer is liable to repair or replace it.
6,90

shrink [verb]
to get smaller

Associated:   shrinkage (noun)
6,90

defect [noun]
problem; mistake

Associated:   defective (adjective)
6,80

obstacle [noun]
barrier; problem

6,70

barely [adverb]
not very much; hardly

6,70

affair [noun]
an event or series of events

Note:   Another meaning of affair is sexual relationship with someone who is not your spouse, as in He's having an affair with his secretary.
6,70

statistic [noun]
mathematical number

Associated:   statistical (adjective); statistically (adverb)
Note:   This word is commonly used in the plural: statistics .
6,70

ambitious [adjective]
having high goals (especially in a career; challenging

Associated:   ambition (noun)
Antonym: unambitious

6,70

discern [verb]
to see; to perceive

6,60

intervene [verb]
to step into a situation (in order to stop or change something)

Associated:   intervention (noun)
6,60

homogeneous [adjective]
having the same qualities or characteristics

Associated:   homogeneity (noun)
Note:   This word is also spelled homogenous .
6,60

invent [verb]
to create (often a new object)

Associated:   invention (noun); inventive (adjective)
6,50

underlie [verb]
to be the reason for or cause of something

6,40

illuminate [verb]
to show clearly; to light up

Associated:   illumination (noun)
6,40

labour [noun]
work

Associated:   labour (verb)
Note:   In American English labour is spelled labor.
6,40

exhaust [verb]
to use up

Associated:   exhaustive (adjective)
Note:   Exhausted / exhausting mean very tired / very tiring, as in I'm exhausted after doing all that exhausting work!
6,40

ambiguous [adjective]
not clear; open to more than one interpretation

Associated:   ambiguity (noun)
Antonym: unambiguous

6,30

spare [adjective]
not needed

Associated:   spare (noun); spare (verb)
6,30

ruin [verb]
to spoil or damage

Associated:   ruin (noun)
Note:   The ruins (noun) of a building is what remains of it, as in I love to explore the ancient ruins in Rome.
6,30

beneath [preposition]
below

Associated:  
Antonym: above

6,20

speculate [verb]
to think and talk about (often future events)

Associated:   speculation (noun)
Note:   Another common meaning of speculate is to gamble money on the finance markets, as in Many people who speculated lost all their money in the dot.com bust.
6,10

seldom [adverb]
rare

Associated:  
Antonym: frequently

6,00

spontaneous [adjective]
happening without warning or planning

Associated:   spontaneity (noun); spontaneously (adverb)
5,90

friction [noun]
problems or arguments between two people or groups

Note:   The scientific meaning of friction is the force that stops two things sliding off each other, as in Bicycle brakes work by using friction.
5,90

hostile [adjective]
unfriendly; dangerous; strongly opposed to

Associated:   hostility (noun)
5,80

commence [verb]
to start

Associated:   commencement (noun)
5,70

impulse [noun]
reason or motivation to do something

Associated:   impel (verb)
5,50

lessen [verb]
to reduce

Associated:   less (adjective)
Antonym: increase

5,50

trait [noun]
characteristic; aspect

5,50

harsh [adjective]
hard, unfair

Associated:   harshness (noun); harshly (adverb)
5,30

criticize [verb]
to express disapproval; to say what you don't like or think is good about something or someone

Associated:   criticism (noun)
Note:   Criticize can also be spelled criticise.
5,30

objection [noun]
(a statement of) disagreement or disapproval

Associated:   object (verb)
5,30

append [verb]
to add to the end (of a piece of writing)

Associated:   appendix (noun)
5,20

vague [adjective]
not clear or strong

Associated:   vagueness (noun); vaguely (adverb)
5,20

deliberate [adjective]
intentional, not by accident

Associated:   deliberately (adverb)
Antonym: accidental

Note:   To deliberate is to think long and hard (before doing something).
5,10

circulate [verb]
to move from one place or person to another (often in a circle)

Associated:   circulation (noun)
5,10

embody [verb]
to be a good example of ..

Associated:   embodiment (noun)
5,00

correlate [verb]
to have a close connection

Associated:   correlation (noun)
5,00

dedicate [verb]
to devote (time and attention)

Associated:   dedication (noun)
5,00

scarce [adjective]
rare, not abundant

Associated:   scarcity (noun)
Antonym: common, abundant

Note:   The adverb scarcely means barely, hardly , as in She is scarcely able to speak a word of English.
5,00

precede [verb]
to go or be before someone or something

Associated:   preceding (adjective)
Antonym: succeed

5,00

fade [verb]
to disappear slowly

4,90

overly [adverb]
too

Note:   It is common to just use over and join it to the adjective with a hyphen: over-protective, over-ambitious, over-critical , etc.
4,90

presume [verb]
to believe, assume

Associated:   presumption (noun); presumably (adverb)
4,80

symptom [noun]
sign (often of a disease or other problem)

Associated:   symptomatic (adjective); symptomize(verb)
4,80

deed [noun]
an action

4,80

prestige [noun]
fame and respect

Associated:   prestigious (adjective)
4,80

degenerate [verb]
to get worse

Associated:   degeneration (noun)
4,70

contradict [verb]
to say or show that what someone has said is wrong

Associated:   contradiction (noun)
4,70

imaginary [adjective]
not real; from the imagination

Associated:   imagination (noun); imagine (verb)
Note:   The unicorn is an imaginary animal.
4,70

motive [noun]
reason

4,60

complicate [verb]
to make things more complex or difficult

Associated:   complication (noun); complicated (adjective)
Antonym: simplify

4,60

deviate [verb]
to be different

Associated:   deviation (noun)
4,60

impress [verb]
to create a favourable reaction

Associated:   impression (noun); impressive (adjective)
4,50

credible [adjective]
believable

Associated:  
Antonym: incredible

Note:   incredibly means very, very, as in She is incredibly intelligent.
4,50

signify [verb]
to mean; to be a sign of

Associated:   sign (noun); signification (noun)
4,50

deduce [verb]
to come to a conclusion about someone or something

Associated:   deduction (noun)
4,40

immense [adjective]
very large

Associated:   immensely (adverb); immensity (noun)
4,30

obsolete [adjective]
not used or needed any more; out of date

Associated:   obsolescence (noun)
4,30

provoke [verb]
to cause to happen

Associated:   provocation (noun)
4,20

anomaly [noun]
an unexpected happening or piece of data

Associated:   anomalous (adjective)
4,10

postpone [verb]
to put back in time

Associated:   postponement (noun)
4,10

universally [adverb]
all over the world; by everyone

Associated:   universal (adjective)
4,10

compel [verb]
to force or make happen

Associated:   compulsion (noun)
4,10

conceal [verb]
to hide

Associated:   concealment (noun)
Antonym: reveal

4,00

resign [verb]
to give up (one's job)

Associated:   resignation (noun)
3,90

contemplate [verb]
to think about; to consider

Associated:   contemplation (noun)
3,90

prosper [verb]
to do well; to become rich

Associated:   prosperity (noun); prosperous (adverb)
3,90

deficient [adjective]
poor, lacking in quantity or quality

Associated:   deficiency (noun)
3,90

procure [verb]
to get or obtain

Associated:   procurement (noun)
3,80

perpetual [adjective]
continuing for ever; never disappearing

Associated:   perpetuity (noun); perpetually (adjective)
3,80

coincidence [noun]
an uncommon happening of two things

Associated:   coincide (verb); coincidently (adverb)
3,80

distort [verb]
to change or affect something (negatively)

Associated:   distortion (noun)
3,70

albeit [conjuntion]
although, but

3,70

diverge [verb]
to move apart; to be different from

Associated:   divergence (noun)
3,50

cautious [adjective]
careful

Associated:   caution (noun); cautiously (adverb)
Antonym: bold, incautious

3,50

displace [verb]
to push out or take the place of something or someone

Associated:   displacement (noun); displaced (adjective)
3,50

propensity [noun]
tendency; desire

3,40

faint [adjective]
not strong

Associated:  
Antonym: strong

3,30

descend [verb]
to go down

Associated:   descent (noun)
Antonym: ascend

3,30

exponent [noun]
someone who holds and states an opinion

3,30

condemn [verb]
to express strong disapproval

Associated:   condemnation (noun)
3,30

deprive [verb]
to take away (the opportunity)

Associated:   deprivation (noun)
3,20

reluctance [noun]
unwillingness; hesitation

Associated:   reluctant (adjective); reluctantly (adverb)
Antonym: willingness

3,20

revive [verb]
to bring back (to life)

Associated:   revival (noun)
3,10

disperse [verb]
to spread out; to move apart

Associated:   dispersal (noun)
3,10

annotate [verb]
to make notes on a piece of writing

Associated:   annotation (noun)
3,10

superficial [adjective]
done quickly and without enough thought; not thorough; trivial

3,00

assimilate [verb]
to take in

Associated:   assimilation (noun)
3,00

confine [verb]
to limit

3,00

drawback [noun]
disadvantage, problem

Associated:  
Antonym: benefit

2,90

drastic [adjective]
severe; great

Associated:   drastically (adverb)
2,90

refute [verb]
to prove to be untrue; to deny

Associated:   refutation (noun)
2,90

stereotype [noun]
a fixed idea about someone or something (often that is only partly true)

Associated:   stereotype (verb)
2,90

culminate [verb]
to end

Associated:   culmination (noun)
2,90

enumerate [verb]
to list

Associated:   enumeration (noun)
2,70

offend [verb]
to go against; to upset

Associated:   offence (noun); offender (noun)
Note:   Offence can also be spelled offense.
2,60

instinct [noun]
natural feeling or reaction

Associated:   instinctive (adjective)
2,60

subsidize [verb]
to support financially

Associated:   subsidy (noun)
Note:   This word can also be spelled subsidise .
2,60

compulsory [adjective]
required, must be done

Associated:   compulsion (noun)
Antonym: voluntary

2,50

utter [adjective]
complete, total

Associated:   utterly (adjective)
Note:   Another meaning of utter (verb) is to say , as in He didn't utter a word when I said I was leaving him. (noun; utterance)
2,40

deteriorate [verb]
to get worse

Associated:   deterioration (noun)
Antonym: improve

2,40

fluctuate [verb]
to vary; to rise and fall

Associated:   fluctuation (noun)
2,40

recur [verb]
to happen again

Associated:   recurrence (noun)
2,40

invisible [adjective]
cannot be seen

Associated:   invisibility (noun)
Antonym: visible

2,30

accuse [verb]
to blame

Associated:   accusation (noun)
2,30

stipulate [verb]
to require

Associated:   stipulation (noun)
2,00

allege [verb]
to claim or state

Associated:   allegation (noun)
1,90

fallacy [noun]
mistake; false belief

Associated:   fallacious (adjective)
1,90

detriment [noun]
disadvantage

Associated:   detrimental (adjective)
Note:   The most common use of this word is in the expression to the detriment of ..
1,90

forego [verb]
to do without; to give up

Note:   This word is sometimes spelled forgo .
1,90

entitle [verb]
to give the right to do something

Associated:   entitlement (noun); entitled (adjective)
1,80

magnify [verb]
to make or show larger

Associated:   magnification (noun)
1,80

exaggerate [verb]
to "overstate" the truth; to say something is bigger or better than it really is

Associated:   exaggeration (noun)
1,70

expel [verb]
to drive or push out

Associated:   expulsion (noun)
1,70

assent [noun]
agreement

Associated:   assent (verb)
Antonym: dissent

1,70

precaution [noun]
something done to avoid danger, harm or problems

Note:   It is common to see this word used in the plural: precautions . Example: The police failed to take the necessary precautions to prevent fighting between the two groups of demonstrators .
1,60

frustrate [verb]
to stop or prevent

Associated:   frustration (noun)
Note:   Common derivations of this word are frustrated / frustrating to describe feelings of not being able to do or have what you want. Example: My email keeps breaking down. It's so frustrating.
1,50

sane [adjective]
reasonable; not mad

Associated:   sanity (noun)
Antonym: insane

1,30

averse [adjective]
against

Associated:   aversion (noun)
Note:   Do not confuse averse with adverse (noun: adversity) which means negative. Example; The high cost of oil is sure to have an adverse effect on profits.
1,20

disturb [verb]
to interrupt, stop from working

Associated:   disturbance (noun)
1,20

Copyright Paul Shoebottom 2008
http://esl.fis.edu