How to write in-text citations (MLA format)

How many authors does the source have?
  • - the author is unknown
  • - there is one author
  • - there are two authors
  • - there are three authors
  • - there are four or more authors

In-text citation:
"Difficult stories or texts that you struggle to understand will not help you to develop your vocabulary the natural way" ("How to develop your vocabulary").

For 'Works Cited' section:
"How to develop your vocabulary". A Guide to Learning English. Web. 16 Mar. 2012. <http://esl.fis.edu/learners/advice/good.htm>.

Where is the author's name to appear?
  • - the author's name is to appear in the text
  • - the author's name is to appear in parentheses
Where are the authors' names to appear?
  • - the authors' names are to appear in the text
  • - the authors' names are to appear in parentheses
Where are the authors' names to appear?
  • - the authors' names are to appear in the text
  • - the authors' names are to appear in parentheses
Where are the authors' names to appear?
  • - the authors' names are to appear in the text
  • - the authors' names are to appear in parentheses
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged
Is the page number or page range to be included?
  • - the page or page range is to be shown
  • - the source is being cited in its entirety or is unpaged

In-text citation:
Brown claims: "There is a strong correlation between the amount that ESL students read in English and the size of their vocabularies" (64).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
Brown investigates the factors that result in some students learning English more quickly than others.

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
There is a clear relationship between the extent of an ESL student’s vocabulary and how much he or she reads (Brown 25).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
The most important factors in language development are motivation, access to comprehensible English and a willingness to take risks (Brown).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
Brown and Jones claim: "There is a strong correlation between the amount that ESL students read in English and the size of their vocabularies " (64).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, and Stephen Jones. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
Brown and Jones investigate the factors that result in some students learning English more quickly than others.

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, and Stephen Jones. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
There is a clear relationship between the extent of an ESL student’s vocabulary and how much he or she reads (Brown and Jones 25).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, and Stephen Jones. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
The most important factors in language development are motivation, access to comprehensible English and a willingness to take risks (Brown and Jones).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, and Stephen Jones. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
Brown, Jones and Wright claim: "There is a strong correlation between the amount that ESL students read in English and the size of their vocabularies " (64).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, Stephen Jones, and Susan Wright. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
Brown, Jones and Wright claim that the most important factors in language development are motivation, access to comprehensible English and a willingness to take risks.

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, Stephen Jones, and Susan Wright. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
There is a clear relationship between the extent of an ESL student’s vocabulary and how much he or she reads (Brown, Jones and Wright 25).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, Stephen Jones, and Susan Wright. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
The most important factors in language development are motivation, access to comprehensible English and a willingness to take risks (Brown, Jones and Wright).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, Stephen Jones, and Susan Wright. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
Brown et al. claim: "There is a strong correlation between the amount that ESL students read in English and the size of their vocabularies " (64).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, et al. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
Brown et al. claim that the most important factors in language development are motivation, access to comprehensible English and a willingness to take risks.

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, et al. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
There is a clear relationship between the extent of an ESL student’s vocabulary and how much he or she reads (Brown et al. 25).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, et al. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.

In-text citation:
The most important factors in language development are motivation, access to comprehensible English and a willingness to take risks (Brown et al.).

For 'Works Cited' section:
Brown, Ruth, et al. English Language Development. London: Lingua Press, 2008. Print.